Brotherhood of St Laurence

Life Chances

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Early childhood education & care : future directions

by Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 2017Description: [15 p.] PDF.Other title: Early childhood education and care : future directions .Notes: June 2017; Includes: Attachment: The Home Interaction Program for Parents and Youngsters (HIPPY), pp.12-14 Attachment: Growing Learners for 0-3 year olds and their parents, pp. 15Summary: Thank you for the opportunity to input into the ALP’s review of early childhood education and care (ECEC). We are pleased that Labor is looking to shake up Australia’s ECEC system. Your paper reflects the centrality of early education and its enduring impact on a child’s subsequent life chances - at school, in the workforce, in relationships and in the broader community. It also recognises the strong dividends associated with improved early education and care experiences for children experiencing disadvantage. The Brotherhood’s contribution to this review is motivated by the well-known link between childhood vulnerability and lifelong disadvantage. We believe a well-designed early childhood system, of which ECEC is an integral part, would actively prevent and address vulnerabilities in early childhood before they accumulate and escalate over a person's life course. Our vision is for a system that breaks the cycle of intergenerational disadvantage that some children are born into, and severs the nexus between their family’s socio-economic circumstances, where they grow up, and their early childhood outcomes. We want to see a systemic response that gives all children growing up in Australia a good start in life. The first part of this submission outlines broad themes relevant to your review. The second briefly addresses some of the specific questions posed in your paper. Availability: BROTHERHOOD STAFF PLEASE SEE LIBRARY FOR ELECTRONIC COPY (1)
Early health related behaviours and their impact on later life chances : evidence from the US. /

by Burgess, Simon M | Propper, Carol.

Publisher: London, U.K. Centre for Analysis for Social Exclusion 1998Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: February 1998Availability: (1)
Education and career aspirations : life chances at 15. /

by Nelms, Lucy | Brotherhood of St Laurence | Taylor, Janet.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic.Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Australian Sociological Association, 4 to 7 December 2006, University of Western Australia 2006Description: 12 p.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: November 2006 Includes bibliographical references (p. 12) SCHOOL TO WORKAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1), BSL Archives (1).
Education career aspirations life chances at 15

by Nelms, L.

Publisher: Brotherhood of St Laurence 2006Description: Electronic.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Educational opportunity for all : overcoming inequality throughout the life course

by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Publisher: Paris OECD Publishing 2017Description: 132 p.Online Access: OECD iLibrary (Read only) Summary: Equitable educational opportunities can help to promote long-lasting, inclusive economic growth and social cohesion. Successful education and skills policies can empower individuals to reach their full potential and enjoy the fruits of their labour, regardless of their circumstances at birth. However, as this report shows, far too many children, students and adults from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds fall behind. In many countries, substantial learning gaps exist between students at opposite ends of the socio-economic scale, and these differences tend to increase in the transition into adulthood. All countries have ample room for improvement to ensure better learning outcomes for all. Early childhood education has been identified as an important element in future success, and requires investment, as do family and community-based support and programmes for children from families that have not attained a high level of education and skills. In the schools, targeted support is necessary for low performers from disadvantaged backgrounds and for poorly performing schools. As for the adult population, learning should be focused on improving employability, through a combination of education and practical job training. Barriers to participation in learning need to be removed, and delivery methods need to be more innovative and flexible. Targeted support is needed for the most vulnerable members of society. [Publisher]Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Eleven plus : life chances and family income

by Taylor, Janet | Brotherhood of St Laurence | Fraser, Alex.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 2003Description: xiv, 230 p.Online Access: Electronic copy | Summary Notes: Includes PDF to Eleven plus : life chances and family summary.Summary: The seventh in the Life Chances series, this report explores the lives of the 142 children aged 11 and 12 who have been part of the longitudinal study since they were infants. It examines the changes experienced by the children and their families in family structure, income, employment, housing and health. It presents the children's own perceptions of their lives at home and at school as well as raising issues of social exclusion and educational disadvantage.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (2).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
Eleven plus : life chances and family income : summary article

by Taylor, Janet | Fraser, Alex.

Notes: Summary article in 'The Journal of the Queensland Association of State School Principles'Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
Ensuring that students from disadvantaged communities become confident, creative and literate learners

by SparkL.

Publisher: [2008]Description: 12 p. + DVD SparkL 2008 Films.Other title: Sparking learning and literacy.Notes: SparkL is the result of a unique partnership between the Dara Foundation and the following organisations: Berry Street ; Foundation House ; Brotherhood of St Laurence ; Ed Patnerships ; University of Melbourne. Facility of the VCA and Music ; The DVD "SparkL Films 2008" includes; SparkL documentaries: Enterprise [11 mins]. ; Literacies of the Contemporary World [9 mins] ; The Night Tiger [6 min 34 sec.] ; Get Real [ 9 mins] Sunshine Primary School Grade 5/6 Film : Light the World [ 4 min 7 sec] Summary: SparkL is a learning program for students, a professional learning program for teachers, and a research program to help us better understand how students from disadvantaged communities can succeed at school. Our overall goal is to ensure all students become confident, creative and literate learners. Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Evaluation of the 2014-15 Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY) Program : approved report of the Department of Evaluation and Assessment

by Palladino, Dianne K.

Publisher: [Dallas, Tex] Dallas Independent School District 2015Description: vii, 50 p. : ill. PDF.Other title: Evaluation of the 2014-15 Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY) Program : Department of Evaluation and Assessment.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: August 2015 EA15-178-2Summary: Home Instruction for Parents of Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY) is a home visitation program for parents of three-, four-, and five-year-olds that involves parents as their child’s first teacher. HIPPY partners with parents to prepare their children for success in school. As stated in the HIPPY Theory of Change (Appendix A), “The mission of HIPPY programs is to empower parents as primary educators of their children in the home and foster parent involvement in school and community life to maximize the chances of successful early school experiences.” The goal of HIPPY in Dallas Independent School District (ISD) is to serve families within the district according to the HIPPY model, increase the self-efficacy of parents to teach children, and ultimately help children within the district to become better prepared for school. Originating in Israel in 1969, HIPPY is now active in 14 countries, including 139 sites in 23 states in the United States. Twelve HIPPY sites serve families in Texas. The HIPPY program in Dallas is part of the Early Childhood and Community Partnerships department in Dallas ISD. HIPPY Dallas ISD served over 712 families in 2014-15 and expects to maintain that approximate level of enrollment in 2015-16. Guided by the HIPPY model, paid paraprofessional home instructors visited parents weekly over the course of the 30 week program year to deliver curriculum packets and books. Home instructors used role-play to teach the curriculum to the parent in an effort to build the parent’s confidence and teaching skills. The goal of home instructors was to equip the parent to deliver the curriculum to the child. Practicing this set and structured curriculum with the home instructor empowered parents to take the role of their child’s first teacher. Parents were expected to work with their children five days a week for 15 minutes a day. When possible, home instructors were recruited from past HIPPY participants. Because these individuals were members of the community they served, this practice served to cultivate rapport among HIPPY home instructors and families. Availability: (1)
Families, work and welfare /

by MacDonald, Fiona | Brotherhood of St Laurence | Siemon, Don.

In: Saunders, Peter (ed.) Reforming the Australian welfare statePublisher: 2000Description: p. 206-219.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
Getting to work? : insights about the transition from education to employment from the Life Chances Study, Stage 11

by Bowman, Dina | Brotherhood of St Laurence. Research and Policy Centre | Allan, Malita | Levin, Iris.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 2019Description: 12 p. PDF.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Summary: This report from Stage 11 of the longitudinal Life Chances Study considers the impacts of advantage and disadvantage on young people’s transitions from education to regular or satisfactory employment. We explore how 37 of the young adults, interviewed in their mid-twenties, made sense of their experiences of education and work, and how their opportunities shaped their perspectives. The interviews showed that the impacts of changes in the labour market and in post-compulsory education on young adults are uneven, often reflecting socioeconomic circumstances. Policy changes that would help to even up the odds include relevant career guidance and an integrated national employment strategy. Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Health, social change and communities. /

by Liamputtong, Pranee (ed.) | Gardner, Heather (ed.).

Publisher: South Melbourne Oxford University Press 2003Description: xix, 349 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: Part 1: Health and social change -- 1. The health system, participation and community groups / Pranee Liamputtong, Heather Gardner and Michael McGartland -- 2. Consumers and health policy reform / Meredith Carter and Debra O'Connor -- 3. Incorporating voices from the community into policy / Linda Hancock and Donna Morabito -- 4. Altruism or entrepreneurialism : competing ideologies in the voluntary sector / Eli Ristevski, Heather Gardner and Theonie Tacticos -- 5. Unemployment and individualism : community and health in Australian unemployment policy / Douglas Ezzy -- 6. Public health challenges in the care of the dying / Allan Kellehear -- 7. Policy reform in the psychiatric sector : service responses after deinistitutionalisation / Bill Healy -- Part 2: Communities -- 8. Women and health : an ongoing agenda / Pranee Liamputtong and Judith Dwyer -- 9. Promoting men's health : from pathologies to partnerships / Rick Hayes -- 10. The health of children / Janet Taylor -- 11. Healthy ageing : a new focus on older people's health and well-being / Colette Browning and Hal Kendig -- 12. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome : social aspects and the role of community groups / Chris L. Peterson -- 13. Aboriginal Australians, governments and participation in health systems / Ian Anderson -- 14. `Our shame, blacks live poor, die young' : indigenous health practice and ethical possibilities for reform / Sandy Toussaint -- 15. Living in a different place at a different time : health policy and Australian ethnic communities / Pranee Liamputtong, Vivian Lin and Prue Bagley -- 16. Queering health : the health of young same-sex-attracted men and women / Damien Ridge, Alana Hulme and David Peasley -- 17. Drugs : a contested policy area / Margaret Hamilton -- 18. Suicidality in the community / Jane Pirkis, Robert Goldney and Philip Burgess.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
How do we help Jane and Hui? : the impact of poverty on the life chances of children /

by Gilley, Tim | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 1994Description: Unpaged.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: A copy of this paper was presented by Tim Gilley to the International Year of the Family Conference, November 20 to November 23 1994, Hilton Hotel, Adelaide Item No. 1994.27 Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
How inequality runs in families : unfair advantage and the limits of social mobility / Gideon Calder.

by Calder, Gideon, 1971- [author.].

Publisher: Bristol Policy Press, 2016Description: xi, 132 pages ; 20 cm.Summary: Most people agree that every child deserves an equal chance to flourish. Most also value family life. Yet the family plays a surprisingly crucial part in maintaining inequality from one generation to the next. The children of disadvantaged parents typically achieve less and die younger. Early in their school careers, even the most able among them fall behind their better-off peers. They are then 8 times less likely to attend a top university. In the UK, as in other rich countries, the ‘playing-field’ is anything but level. This book explores how seemingly mundane aspects of family life – from the right to inherit income, to the reading of bedtime stories – raise fundamental questions of social justice. Taking fairness seriously, it argues, means rethinking what equality of opportunity means.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
How much could we improve children's life chances by Intervening early and often?

by Sawhill, Isabel V | Brookings. Center on Children and Families | Karpilow, Quentin.

Publisher: 2015 Center on Children and Families at Brookings, [Washington, D.C.]Description: 10 p. ill. PDF.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: Revised March 2015; This brief is an update of an earlier paper by Kerry Searle Grannis and Isabel Sawhill, originally published in October 2013, “Improving Children’s Life Chances: Results from the Social Genome Model.”Summary: Children born into low-income families face barriers to success in each stage of life from birth to age 40. Using data on a representative group of American children and a life cycle model to track their progress from the earliest years through school and beyond, we show that well-evaluated targeted interventions can close over 70 percent of the gap between more and less advantaged children in the proportion who end up middle class by middle age. These interventions can also greatly improve social mobility and enhance the lifetime incomes of less advantaged children. The children’s enhanced incomes are roughly 10 times greater than the costs of the programs, suggesting that once the higher taxes and reduced benefits likely to accompany these higher incomes are taken into account, they would have a positive ratio of benefits to costs for the taxpayer. The biggest challenge is taking these programs to scale without diluting their effectivenessAvailability: (1)
How young people are faring 2012 : the national report on the learning /

by Robinson, Lyn | Foundation for Young Australians (FYA) | Lamb, Stephen.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Foundation for Young Australians 2012Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography : p. 75Summary: This year's How Young People are Faring is the fifth edition of this annual report produced by the Foundation for Young Australians (fya) in partnership with the Centre for Research on Education Systems at the University of Melbourne. It provides an important point-in-time snapshot of young people?s transitions from school to further study, training and employment. ; It shows that there have been some solid gains during the last decade, particularly in educational participation as one critical means of improving opportunities for and ; life chances of young people. School retention rates have reached the highest level ever recorded. University-level attainment among 24 to 35 year-olds also increased from ; 24% in 2001 to 35% in 2011, tracking well for the Bradley target of 40%. The evidence continues to affirm the ; benefits of completing Year 12 or equivalent. Educational attainment improves the labour market and broader life prospects of young people. But long-term trends indicate that much more needs to be done in response to deeper challenges, such as those experienced by young people ; experiencing disadvantage, geographic isolation and those for whom conventional pathways from school to further study may not be the most desirable.Availability: (1)
Improving Children's Life Chances /

by Tucker, Josephine (ed.) | [Child Poverty Action Group] | Garnham, Alison | Bradshaw, Jonathon | Lister, Ruth | Marmot, Michael.

Publisher: London : Child Poverty Action Group : [distributor] Central Books Ltd, 2016Description: 160 p. ; 22x15 cm.Online Access: Summary Notes: Paperback.Summary: What will it take to improve children's life chances? Child poverty steals away children's life chances. Poor children are more likely to be behind their peersineducation, have poorer health, a shorter life-span and a worse sense of well-being. So what are 'life chances'? And do they mean anything at all if child poverty is not to be tackled at the same time? The government has committed itself to bringing forward a strategy on children's life chances. In this context, CPAG asked leading experts in policy and practice to help us answer these questions, and others. 'Improving children's life chances', a major contribution to the debate, includes chapters on schooling, health and wellbeing, mental health and housing, as well as how we should measure life chances and what an effective strategy would look like. Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Improving young people's lives : the role of the environment in building resilience, responsibility and employment chances /

by Anderson, Beverley | Sustainable Development Commission | Reynolds, Jake.

Publisher: London, U.K. Sustainabilty Development Commission 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: October 2010 Bibliography : p. 46-51 INTO AND OUT OF WORK SCHOOL TO WORKSummary: This report proposes a green thread through policy and practice, where the impact of the environment is considered alongside social and economic factors : the building blocks of sustainable development. To date, this has been the missing element in most policy making for young people, and is only sporadically evident in local delivery. It demonstrates how taking this broader approach can improve outcomes for young people, whilst supporting the UK Government's aims for a Big Society and being the 'greenest Government ever'.Availability: (1)
Intervening to improve outcomes for vulnerable young people : a review of the evidence /

by Walker, Janet | Great Britain. Department for Education | Donaldson, Cam.

Publisher: Newcastle Upon Tyne, U.K. Newcastle University 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Great Britain. Department for Education. Research Report ;.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: January 2011 This research report was commissioned before the new UK Government took office on 11 May 2010. As a result the content may not reflect current Government policy and may make reference to the Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) which has now been replaced by the Department for Education (DFE). SCHOOL TO WORKSummary: Concerns about the number of young people who fail to reach their potential at school, or get into trouble, or are not in education, employment or training (NEET), underpin the continuing commitment to end child poverty in the UK by 2020, and the Coalition Government's pledge to increase the focus on supporting the neediest families and those with multiple problems. A strong policy commitment to improving the life chances of vulnerable young people has in recent years led to the testing of a number of initiatives. In December 2009, Professors Janet Walker and Cam Donaldson were tasked with reviewing the evidence from the national evaluations of ten of these initiatives1 so as to draw out the implications for future policy and practice with respect to vulnerable young people and their families. The focus in all the programmes reviewed was on prevention and early intervention and on the provision of multi-agency support to tackle a range of risk factors in a young person's life. The programmes had complex and ambitious objectives and in some areas many overlapped and ran concurrently. Some young people and their families received interventions from several of the initiatives, making it difficult for programme evaluators to isolate the impact of any one programme or intervention.Availability: (1)
Issues for mothers and babies : Ballarat, November 1992 /

by Gilley, Tim | Brotherhood of St Laurence | Taylor, Janet.

Publisher: unpub. 1992Description: 26 p.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: November 1992 At foot of title: Life Chances of Children Study, Brotherhood of St LaurenceAvailability: Items available for loan: BSL Archives (1).
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