Brotherhood of St Laurence

Life Chances

This list contains 103 titles

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"Life chances study" /

by Gilley, Tim.

Publisher: Australian Government Publishing Service 1992Description: p.47-52.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
"Life chances, poverty and children of immigrants" /

by Taylor, Janet.

Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
"Life chances: issues of childrearing and poverty among Asian immigrants" /

by Taylor, Janet.

Publisher: Ausmed Publications 1994Description: p.191-212.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: See also: AR no. 1994.Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
[Submission to] Review of the Universal Preschool Access National Partnership, Nous Group

by Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 2019Description: 6 p. PDF.Other title: Submission to the review of the national partnership for universal access to preschool | Submission to Nous Group review of the national partnership for universal access to preschool | Review of Universal Preschool Access National Partnership.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: 7 October 2019Summary: The Universal Preschool Access National Partnership together with COAG’s recent Early Learning Reform Principles (Dec 2018) reflect a shared and bi-partisan understanding of the positive returns that participation in quality preschool yields – particularly for children experiencing vulnerability and disadvantage and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. We approach our submission on the basis that evidence of the enduring impact of quality preschool on a child’s subsequent life chances – at school, in the workforce, in relationships and in the broader community – is well appreciated.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
2Gen approach practice guide

by Brotherhood of St Laurence | Kochanoff, T Anita.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 2018Description: 137 p.Notes: January 2018 This is a work in progress and some sections are yet to be completed.; PDF avalible on f drive see library staff.; For future information contact: Dr Anita T Kochanoff, Senior Manager Early Years Development, Children Youth and Families Brotherhood of St Laurence Summary: The desired outcome from the BSL’s work in the early years is to help children flourish and thrive by providing high-quality educational experiences and by enhancing parents1 capacity to be their child’s first educator and provide a rich home learning environment. This vision closely aligns with the BSL’s guiding objective to prevent and reduce poverty and exclusion from mainstream society. In particular, the 2 Generation (2Gen) Approach – described in this guide – reflects the strategic priorities of the BSL set out in its Strategic Plan 2015-2020, particularly its focus on the early years: “We will enhance opportunities for vulnerable children and families by improving delivery of and access to early intervention services for children and families in disadvantaged communities.” In recognition of strong evidence of the link between a child’s early years and the elimination of poverty, the BSL established an Early Years Transition Leadership Team (EYTLT) to advocate and progress work in this space. The EYTLT has developed a number of new approaches to improve its work with children and families experiencing disadvantage; much of this work was informed by the outcomes of programs that have been delivered by the BSL for families with young children, particularly at the Connie Benn Centre in Fitzroy. The development and implementation of a new ‘supported and intentional’ playgroup model at the BSL commenced from late 2013 and evolved over time. The approach is family centred and encompasses best practice in early learning as well as clearly focusing on building parents’ capacity as their child’s first teacher and supporting social connectedness. It is an early intervention model specifically for vulnerable and disadvantaged families. The key elements include supported intentional playgroups, home visits, peer support sessions, a dad’s playgroup and a digital education support program. Our research demonstrated that there is a need for intentional programs for mothers and children under three years that build the mother’s capacity to be their child’s first teacher (See Chapter 5) and that there is evidence of positive outcomes in this regard. However there is increasing evidence that this may not be enough to change a child’s life chances in the long term. The Aspen Institute and Annie E. Casey Foundation, two organisations in the USA that have supported several interventions using a two generation approach, argue that what is required is an holistic approach that simultaneously addresses issues for parents and children together. The fundamental issues that need to be addressed are: • The child’s early education and care • The parent’s economic participation and development of a career pathway • The learning relationship between the child and the parent which assists the parent in their role as their child’s first teacher and sets a foundation for ongoing learning for both. The 2Gen Approach that we are implementing focuses simultaneously on children and parents from the same family in these three critical intervention areas. Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (2).
A broken social elevator? how to promote social mobility / OECD.

by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Publisher: Paris OECD Publishing, 2018Description: 351 p. : ill. PDF.Summary: This report provides new evidence on social mobility in the context of increased inequalities of income and opportunities in OECD and selected emerging economies. It covers the aspects of both social mobility between parents and children and of personal income mobility over the life course, and their drivers. The report shows that social mobility from parents to offspring is low across the different dimensions of earnings, education, occupation and health, and that the same prevails for personal income mobility over the life course. There is in particular a lack of mobility at the bottom and at the top of the social ladder – with “sticky floors” preventing upward mobility for many and “sticky ceilings” associated with opportunity hoarding at the top. The lack of social mobility has economic, societal and political consequences. This report shows that there is space for policies to make societies more mobile and protect households from adverse income shocks. It discusses the options and measures that policy makers can consider how to improve social mobility across and within generations.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
A stronger, fairer Australia /

by Australia. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. ustralian Social Inclusion Unit.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet 2009Description: 86 p. : ill.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography p. 82-86Summary: Despite the high levels of economic growth recorded in Australia over the last decade, too many Australians are still excluded from the opportunities they need to create the life they want. They can be trapped in a spiral of disadvantage caused by family circumstances, low expectations, community poverty, lack of suitable and affordable housing, illness or discrimination often leading to early school leaving, long-term unemployment and chronic ill-health. The Australian Government, assisted by the Social Inclusion Board, has developed a set of principles to guide governments, businesses, community organisations and individuals as they formulate social inclusion programs.Our social inclusion priorities have been selected by using evidence about the causes and consequences of social and economic disadvantage. These priorities, where disadvantage is often a result of multiple, complex and interconnected barriers to participation, are: targeting jobless families with children to increase work opportunities, improve parenting and build capacity; improving the life chances of children at greatest risk of long term disadvantage;reduce the incidence of homelessness; improving outcomes for people living with disability or mental illness and their carers; closing the gap for Indigenous Australians; and breaking the cycle of entrenched and multiple disadvantage in particular neighbourhoods and communities.Availability: (1)
Access for growth : services for mothers and babies. /

by Gilley, Tim | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 1993Description: 70 p.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: Melbourne 1993.; First in series of reports from Life Chances of Children Study. Second is 'What chance a job' (rec. no. B5684) and third 'Beyond the city' (rec. no.B6195).Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (2).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
Addressing locational disadvantage effectively /

by Ware, Vicki-Ann | Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute. Research ynthesis Service | Gronda , Hellene | Vitis, Laura.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Commissioned by Housing New South Wales August 2010 Appendices : p. 51-100 Bibliography : p. 101-103Summary: This report is the final output of a synthesis examining the nature of locational disadvantage and ways in which governments can intervene to improve the lives of disadvantaged residents in areas of concentrated poverty and disadvantage. The report outlines the synthesis methodology used, then explores the complex and contested concept of locational disadvantage. This is followed by discussion of some interventions used in the US, UK and EU to improve the life chances of residents of disadvantaged areas, leading to conclusions about broad principles for achieving lasting improvements.Availability: (1)
Ageing in Australia : challenges and opportunities.

by O'Loughlin, Kate (ed.) | Browning, Colette (ed.) (Colette J.) | Kendig, Hal (ed.).

Publisher: New York, NY Springer, [2017]Copyright date: �2017Description: xii, 290 p.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Ageing, cognition and dementia in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples : a life cycle approach /

by Arkles, Rachelle | Neuroscience Research Australia.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. Dementia Collaborative Research Centre, University of New South Wales 2010Description: vi, [i], 65 p.: ill. tables.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: This literature review was a joint initiative of the ARC/NHMRC Ageing Well Network; the Primary Dementia Collaborative Research Centre; Neuroscience Research Australia; and the Muru Marri Indigenous Health Unit, University of New South Wales. June 2010Summary: A number of Indigenous communities in rural and remote regions of Western Australia and the Northern Territory have almost five times as much dementia as the general Australian population but we don?t know if this is the same for Indigenous people in cities and country towns. Many Indigenous Australians may be at greater risk of developing dementia because more Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are starting to live longer; there are still very high rates of chronic diseases like diabetes and stroke; the burden of childhood infections including periodontal disease, is higher in Indigenous communities; many younger Indigenous people are at high risk of head injuries and cognitive damage due to drugs and alcohol, all factors that may increase the chances of getting dementia in later life. Very few Indigenous people with dementia access mainstream government community programs in comparison to the rest of the population. There is insufficient information about how big the problem of dementia is in Indigenous people and what types of dementia affect different people in diverse communities across the country. Therefore we are unable to assess whether existing services are meeting the needs of this population or the real extent to which people are able to access programs. There is a strong Aboriginal belief that a life ?out of balance?, having lost the connection to the land and to traditional relationships causes sickness; some have described dementia as a ?sick spirit?. Our solutions to the problem of dementia need to take account of cultural perspectives and approaches to wellness.Availability: (1)
Asian mothers, western birth : pregnancy, childbirth and childrearing : the Asian experience in an English-speaking country / edited by Pranee Liamputtong Rice.

by Liamputtong, Pranee (ed.).

Edition: 2nd ed.Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Ausmed Publications 1999Description: xix, 292 p.Other title: Asian Mothers, Australian Birth.Notes: "First published July 1994 (as Asian Mothers, Australian Birth)" - verso t.p.; Chapter 12 Life chances: Issues of childrearing and poverty among Asian immigrants, by Janet Taylor, p. 191-211. The chapter draws on the first stage of the longitudinal "Life Chances" study undertaken by the Brotherhood of St Laurence and looks at the situation and experiences of 33 Asian-Australian mothers with young babies. (p.191)Summary: This edition contains the original material that made "Asian Mothers, Australian Birth" so important, plus new chapters that look specifically at the needs of Asian women who have migrated to a Western country and now confront the cultural challenges that occur as women engage in the natural behaviour of motherhood.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Better systems, better chances a review of research and practice for prevention and early intervention /

by Fox, Stacey | Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth (ARACY) | Southwell, Angela | Stafford, Neil | Goodhue, Rebecca | Jackson, Dianne | Smith, Charlene.

Publisher: Braddon, ACT : Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth, 2015Description: vi, 318 p. : ill. : PDF.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: Authors listed on title page verso: Dr Stacey Fox, Angela Southwell, Neil Stafford, Dr Rebecca Goodhue, Dr Dianne Jackson, Dr Charlene Smith.; "ARACY acknowledges the New South Wales Department of Premier and Cabinet, who originally commissioned the earlier version of this report."--Acknowledgements.Summary: This rapid strategic literature review investigates the factors that promote positive child development and enable effective prevention and early intervention at a system-wide level. There is clear evidence that children's life chances are influenced by their families and communities and that they are able to be changed for the better. This review examines: Child development pathways and processes; The social and economic benefits of prevention and early intervention; Risk and protective factors for positive child development; Key pathways for intervention from antenatal through to adolescence; and System design elements that facilitate prevention and early intervention.Availability: (1)
Beyond the city : access to services for mothers and babies. /

by Gilley, Tim | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 1994Description: 52 p.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: Third in the series based on the Brotherhood's longitudinal study into the life chances of children. The other two in the series are Access for growth (Rec. no. B5142) and What chance a job (Rec. no.B5684)Summary: Paper focuses on consumer view of health and community services during pregnancy, at birth, and in the first few months after birth from the perspective of 146 mothers living in four areas of Victoria - Cranbourne, Melton, Bellarine Peninsula and Ballarat. Regardless of income mothers were generally happy with services, the major exception being lack of public transport.Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
Beyond unemployment : the realistic job prospects of disadvantaged workers. /

by Macdonald, Fiona | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic.Paper presented at fifth National Conference on Unemployment, RMIT University, 1st & 2nd October 1998 1998Description: 8 p.Online Access: Electronic copy Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
Beyond unemployment: the realistic prospects of disadvantaged workers /

by Macdonald, Fiona.

Publisher: Description: 8 leaves.Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
Can life stories inform policy in a complex world? /

by Taylor, Janet | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. University of New South Wales. Social Policy Research Centre 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Australian Social Policy Conference : Social Policy in a.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Paper presented to Australian Social Policy Conference: Social Policy in a Complex World University of New South Wales, Sydney 6-8 July 2011 SCHOOL TO WORKSummary: Australian longitudinal research with a social policy focus has often been quantitative rather than qualitative. The longitudinal Life Chances Study offers the opportunity to explore young people's real life stories from infancy to age 18, both from the perspectives of their parents and, as they grow up, in their own words. The stories can illustrate important processes, ranging from financial disadvantage to parenting styles to career choices. The Life Chances Study has followed the lives some 140 children who were born in the same inner Melbourne suburb in 1990. The families are from diverse income levels and ethnic groups. The study has a particular interest in the reduction of child poverty and social exclusion. The paper presents one family's story to explore issues of policy as the study child grows up through the 1990s and early 2000s. It asks what life stories can tell us about the accumulation of advantage and disadvantage for young people growing up in Australia today and about the effectiveness of our social support system in assisting families as their raise their children. These are considered in the context of changes in Australian society over the last 20 years.Availability: (1)
Children of immigrants : issues of poverty and disadvantage. /

by Taylor, Janet | Brotherhood of St Laurence | MacDonald, Helen.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Australian Government Publishing Service 1992Description: xiii,85 p.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: Note on Foreword:"The Bureau of Immigration Research considered it particularly appropriate to award a research grant for a study of issues of poverty and disadvantage among children of immigrants, in response to an application from the Brotherhood of St Laurence".Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
Deep and persistent disadvantage in Australia /

by McLachlan, Rosalie | Australia. Productivity Commission | Gilfillan, Geoff | Gordon, Jenny.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Productivity Commission 2013Description: ix, 236 p.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: Headline statistics on Australia's most disadvantaged people frequently appear in the media, with the number of Australians living below the poverty line being often quoted. But little attention is given to explaining what lies behind these statistics, how much of the story they tell, and the judgments that sit behind them. Poverty, for example, focuses on just one facet of disadvantage and the basis for drawing a line between those living in poverty and those who are not is not always clear. ; Nor is it often explained that many of the headline statistics provide a static picture of disadvantage. But what happens over time matters. For example, people can move in and out of disadvantage relatively quickly - such as when they first enter the workforce - while others can remain disadvantaged for extended periods of time. Following the same people over a number of years is critical to understanding deep and persistent disadvantage. [...] ; Against this backdrop, this research paper has sought to find answers to a number of questions, including: ; - what does it mean to be disadvantaged? ; - how many Australians are disadvantaged and who are they? ; - what is the depth and persistence of disadvantage in Australia? ; - where do Australians experiencing disadvantage live? ; - what factors influence a person's risk of experiencing disadvantage? ; - what are the costs of disadvantage and who bears them?Availability: (1)
Disadvantage and children of immigrants : a longitudinal study. /

by Taylor, Janet | Brotherhood of St Laurence | MacDonald, Helen.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Australian Government Publishing Service 1994Description: 73 p.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: 'Bureau of Immigration and Population Research' --cover Extends and complements earlier work 'Children of Immigrants: Issues of Poverty and Disadvantage'.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).
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