Brotherhood of St Laurence

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Did the 2007 welfare reforms for low income parents in Australia increase welfare exits? /

by King Fok, Yin | University of Melbourne. Melbourne Institute of Applied conomic and Social Research | McVicar, Duncan.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. University of Melbourne. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research 2012Description: PDF.Other title: Melbourne Institute working paper ; no. 1/12.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: January 2012 Bibliography pp. 22-24 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: This paper examines the impacts of recent Australian welfare to work reforms for low income parents of school-aged children who had been in receipt of Parenting Payment for at least one year. Specifically, the reforms introduced a requirement to engage in at least 15 hours of work-related activity per week from the youngest child's seventh birthday. We find large positive impacts on the hazard rates for exiting welfare and for switching between welfare payments. As a consequence, over the first year of the new regime the Parenting Payment caseload for the parents in this cohort with a youngest child aged 6 at the start of the year fell by 23.5%; without activation we estimate it would have fallen by 18.5%. The reforms also offer a rare opportunity to compare impacts on single and partnered parents, with partnered parents shown to be more responsive.Availability: (1)

Discrimination, work and family : recent regulatory responses to promote equality /

by Fentiman, Shannon | University of Melbourne. Centre for Employment and Labour elations Law.

Publisher: Parkville, Vic. University of Melbourne. Centre for Employment and Labour Relations Law 2011Description: PDF.Other title: University of Melbourne. Centre for Employment and Labour.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: June 2011 Includes bibliographical references INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: To date, state and federal anti-discrimination legislation has been largely unsuccessful at challenging the gender norms and cultural inequalities that exist in Australian workplaces. There remains a significant reduction in labour force participation of women aged between 25 and 44 years, of which the main drivers are caring for children and other caring and household responsibilities. This policy and legislative failure is why Australia has one of the lowest labour force participation rates for women in these age ranges compared with other OECD countries. Family caring responsibilities are the most common non-work commitments that compete with work demands. Unable to challenge the notions of the 'ideal' worker or the 'Harvester family', many women and men with family and caring responsibilities are still struggling to achieve equality at work despite the issue of work-life balance being on the public policy agenda for many years. This paper will discuss the two 'right to request' models in Victoria and in the National Employment Standards at a federal level, the new positive duties on employers in the new Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) and the new general discrimination provisions contained in the Fair Work Act.Availability: (1)

Doing better for families /

by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Publisher: Paris, France OECD Publishing 2011Description: 275 p. : ill.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Includes bibliographical references.Summary: All OECD governments want to give parents more choice in their work and family decisions. This book looks at the different ways in which governments support families. It seeks to provide answers to questions like: Is spending on family benefits going up, and how does it vary by the age of the child? Has the crisis affected public support for families? What is the best way of helping adults to have the number of children they desire? What are the effects of parental leave programs on female labour supply and on child well-being? Are childcare costs a barrier to parental employment and can flexible workplace options help? What is the best time for mothers to go back to work after childbirth? And what are the best policies to reduce poverty among sole parents?Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Double shift : working mothers and social change in Australia. /

by Grimshaw, Patricia (ed.) | Murphy, John (ed.) | Probert, Belinda (ed.).

Publisher: Beaconsfield, Vic. Melbourne Publishing Group 2005Description: x, 251 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: Introduction / Belinda Probert -- Balancing work, motherhood and life -- 1. Australian mothers in 2004 : awaiting a decent work/care regime / Barbara Pocock -- 2. Mothers who don't want to work and fathers who do / Mark Peel -- 3. Women lawyers and family decisions / Kate Connelly -- 4. Mothers in a double-bind : the work of being 'with women' / Kerreen Reiger -- 5. Migrant women workers and their families in Victoria : two social surveys, 1975 and 2001 / Renate Howe, Christine Cregan and Patricia Grimshaw -- How we got here -- 6. The historical invisibility of the working mother : Australia 1880-1920 / Shurlee Swain -- 7. Working widowed mothers and welfare inspectors in Victoria in the 1920s and 1930s / Joy Damousi -- 8. 'A daily scramble' : working mothers' access to child care in World War Two / Ellen Warne -- 9. Never done : the working mothers of the 1950s / John Murphy and Belinda Probert -- 10. The State changing its mind? : Australia and New Zealand governments' postwar policy on married women's paid employment / Melanie Nolan -- Contemporary policy options -- 11. Reforming the policy framework / Pru Goward -- 12. Lone mothers as workers : restructuring the welfare states? / Jane Millar -- 13. The contested politics of paid maternity leave in a transforming family policy regime / Bettina Cass -- 14. Reform of the family support policy in Australia / Peter McDonald.Summary: Social commentators and academics have written chapters grouped under three broad themes: the current (early 21st century) situation of women juggling work, motherhood and life; insights about working mothers at intervals over the previous hundred years; and contemporary policy options, including proposals to make major changes to the existing family payments system.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Employment characteristics and transitions of mothers in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children /

by Baxter, Jennifer | Australia. Dept. of Social Services.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Department of Social Services 2013Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Appendix : 79-95 Bibliography : 100-107Summary: For women, the life stage at which combining employment with other commitments is most challenging is when they are raising their children. This report focuses on this time, providing information about mothers' employment from those with babies through to those with primary school-age children. The report provides some broad descriptive information about mothers' employment patterns, including work hours, job contracts and occupations, in addition to the simpler measure of whether or not they are employed. It also explores how patterns vary across the characteristics of mothers and families. ; The report is based on the first four waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC), including families of children from both the B cohort ('birth' at Wave 1, born between March 2003 and February 2004) and the K cohort ('kindergarten' at Wave 1, born between March 1999 and February 2000). The data are primarily taken from reports of mothers of these children and specifically relate to characteristics of their employment at each wave. This allows analyses of differences in employment characteristics of mothers who have different personal and family characteristics and also allows analyses of mothers' employment transitions from one wave to the next. Both approaches are used in this report.Availability: (1)

Employment trajectories and later employment outcomes for mothers in the British Household Panel Survey: An analysis by skill level /

by Stewart, Kitty | Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion.

Publisher: London, U.K. Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics May 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: Maternal employment formed a central plank in the former Labour Government‟s strategy to reduce child poverty. Even where potential jobs were low-skilled and low-paid, policy was explicitly work (rather than training) first, and lone parents in particular were given direct and indirect financial subsidies to enter employment of any kind. The explicit assumption was that a low-paid job would be a stepping-stone to better things. Government in power from May 2010... ; However, there is little evidence in practice that a low-paid job when one‟s child is young is a reliable route to improved future prospects. This paper uses the British Household Panel Survey to explore this issue further.Availability: (1)

Families, care-giving and paid work : challenging labour law in the 21st century /

by James, Grace (ed.) | Busby, Nicole (ed.).

Publisher: Cheltenham, U.K. Edward Elgar Publishing 2011Description: xii, 231 p.Notes: Includes bibiographical refences and index. Contents: Introduction Nicole Busby and Grace James ; Part 1. Reconciling Employment and Family Care-giving: A Gender Analysis of Current Challenges and Future Directions for UK Policy Suzy MacPherson ; 2. Atypical Working in Europe and the Impact on Work - Family Reconciliation Clare Lyonette ; 3. Is There a Fundamental Right to Reconcile Work and Family Life in the EU Eugenia Caracciolo di Torella ; Part II: 4. The Rights and Realities of Balancing Work and Family Life in New Zealand Annick Masselot ; 5. Law's Response to the Reconciliation of Work and Care: The Australian Case Sara Charlesworth ; 6. Parental Leave Rights in Italy: Reconciling Gender Ideologies with the Demands of Europeanisation Roberta Guerrina ; 7. Comparative Lessons on Work/Family Conflict - Swedish Parental Leave versus American Parental Leave Michelle Weldon-Johns ; Part III: 8. Care-giving and Reasonable Adjustment in the UK Rachel Horton ; 9. Reconciling Care-giving and Paid Work in Ireland: The Contribution of Protection Against Family Status Discrimination Olivia Smith ; Part IV: 10. Child Welfare and Work/Family Reconciliation Policies: Lessons from Family Law Grace James and Therese Callus ; 11. Unpaid Care-giving and Paid Work Within a Rights Framework: Towards Reconciliation? Nicole Busby.Summary: This book casts new light on the key issues arising from the contentious debate around the future of the European Social Model. The book brings together leading experts to provide a thorough and well-informed response to the recent developments in European social and labour law and policy, in the light of institutional changes. The contributors provide unique insights as they evaluate the impact of the enlargement processes, the implications of the Lisbon treaty, the integration of the Charter into EU law - and, crucially, the consequences of the economic crisis.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Family day care : a study of three Melbourne projects. Dissertation for Sociology 401, Monash University /

by Lippmann, Leonora.

Publisher: 1975Description: 162 p. Bibliography.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
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Family day care : more than twenty years on. /

by Quagliana, Joan.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. unpub. 1990Description: Unpaged.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Family Day Care Project : a pilot study in day care for the children of working mothers : third progress report, December 1972 - September 1973. /

by [Spalding, Barbara] | [Hewson, Jennifer].

Publisher: Brotherhood of St Laurence 1973Description: v, 29 p.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: October 1973Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).

Family policy in Australia : a review of recent developments /

by Mitchell, Deborah.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Graduate Program in Public Policy, Australian National University 1997Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 1997Availability: (1)

For fairness and services. /

by Construction, Forestry, Mining & Energy Union | Australian Council of Social Service.

Publisher: Strawberry Hills, N.S.W.Selected papers from the joint conference `Restoring the Integrity of the Taxation System' held by the Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS) and the Construction, Forestry, Mining & Energy Union (CFMEU) in Sydney 23 June 2004. 2004Description: 74 p.Notes: August 2004 Includes bibliographical referencesSummary: Selected papers from a joint conference about taxation, held in Sydney June 2004, highlights loopholes and inconsistencies of the present taxation system which enable avoidance and evasion and contribute to unfair sharing of the tax burden. The papers include discussion of taxes on working families, negative gearing, capital gains tax, tax on superannuation and possible reforms to make the system fairer.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

How do they do it? : a time-diary analysis of how working mothers find time for the kids. /

by Craig, Lyn.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. Social Policy Research Centre. University of New South Wales 2005Description: PDF.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

How Responsive is Female Labour Supply to Child Care Costs - New Australian Estimates /

by Gong, Xiaodong | Australia. The Treasury | Breunig, Robert | King, Anthony.

Publisher: Parkes, A.C.T. Australia. The Treasury 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2010 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: The degree of responsiveness of Australian women's labour supply to child care cost has been a matter of some debate. There is a view that the level of responsiveness is very low or negligible, running counter to international and anecdotal evidence. In this paper we review the Australian and international literature on labour supply and child care, and provide improved Australian estimates of labour supply elasticities and child care demand elasticities with respect to gross child care price. We find that the limited literature in Australia has suffered from measurement error problems stemming in large part from shortcomings with data on child care price and child care usage. We use detailed child care data from three recent waves of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey (covering the period 2005 to 2007) to address these problems. We extend the standard labour supply and child care model to allow for separate effects of different child care prices for children in different age ranges and we calculate regional child care prices based upon child level information. The salient finding is that child care prices do have statistically significant effects on mothers' labour supply and child care demand. The new estimates are in line with international findings, and their robustness is supported by a validation exercise involving an alternative technique and an earlier time period.Availability: (1)

Is child care affordable? : pressures on families and their use of formal long day care

by Tasker, Gill | Brotherhood of St Laurence | Siemon, Don.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 1998Description: 83 p.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: Includes index. Future directions in child care.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (2).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).

Issues of paid employment for mothers of young children /

by Taylor, Janet | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: unpub. 1995Description: 13 leaves.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: December 1995Availability: Items available for loan: BSL Archives (1).

Life chances and parents' employment /

by Taylor, Janet | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: 2003Description: 10 leaves.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Includes bibliographical referencesSummary: The Brotherhood of St Laurence's longitudinal study, the Life Chances Study, provides data to explore what has happened to the employment and incomes of a small but diverse group of Australian families with young children between 1990 and 2002. While studies such as HILDA (Scutella & Wooden 2003) will trace employment patterns for large numbers of people over a period of time, the Life Chances Study can illustrate the trends in terms of the life stories of the families involved. Its 12-year time span gives it particular value. The paper draws on both the quantitative and qualitative data of the study to examine the patterns of employment and income of the families over 12 years. It examines first the overall patterns of employment. It then looks more closely at the experiences of the families who were on low-incomes at the commencement of the study and asks to what extent employment has provided a path out of poverty. Implications for policy are outlined.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).

Lone and couple mothers in the Australian labour market : exploring differences in employment transitions? /

by Baxter, Jennifer | Australian Institute of Family Studies | Renda, Jennifer.

Publisher: Melbourne Australian Institute of Family Studies 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Australian Institute of Family Studies [AIFS]. Research paper.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: An earlier version of this paper, The Stability of Lone Mothers' Employment: Using HILDA Calendar Data to Examine Work Transitions, was presented at the HILDA Research Conference in September 2009. Bibliography : p. 31-34 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: While more mothers have been participating in the paid workforce, over recent years, the employment rate of lone mothers remains lower than that of couple mothers. Concerns about the wellbeing of adults and children living in jobless households contribute to continuing interest in explaining the relatively low employment rate of lone mothers. This paper provides new insights into possible reasons for the different rates of employment of lone and couple mothers by examining how their employment transitions vary. A focus on transitions enables us to examine whether the lower employment rate of lone mothers is due to their being less likely to enteremployment, more likely to exit employment once employed, or a combination of both. Monthly calendar data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey are used to identify and compare the rate at which lone and couple mothers move into and out of employment over a seven-year period. These data show that in any one-month period, lone mothers are less likely to be employed than couple mothers. Of those employed in a one month period, lone mothers are more likely to transition out of employment than couple mothers; however, not-employed lone and couple mothers are no different in their likelihood of transition into employment.Availability: (1)

Making the case for universal childcare /

by Ben-Galim, Dalia | Institute for Public Policy Research.

Publisher: London, U.K. Institute for Public Policy Research 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: December 2011 Bibliography pp. 18-19Summary: This paper makes the economic case for universal childcare for preschool-aged children. On the basis of new cost-benefit analysis, we show that universal childcare pays a return to the government of 20,050 (over four years) in terms of tax revenue minus the cost of childcare for every woman who returns to full-time employment after one year of maternity leave. We therefore argue that the provision of universal childcare should be a strategic priority for public service and welfare reform in the UK.Availability: (1)

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