Brotherhood of St Laurence

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A framework for understanding poverty. /

by Payne, Ruby K.

Edition: 4th rev. ed.Publisher: Moorabbin, Vic. Hawker Brownlow Education 2009Description: 199 p. : ill. ; 26 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Children's well-being in UK, Sweden and Spain : the role of inequality and materialism - a qualitative study /

by Nairn, Agnes | Ipsos MORI Social Research Institute.

Publisher: Billericay, U.K. UNICEF 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: June 2011 Appendices pp. 74-90Summary: UNICEF's Report Card 7, published in 2007, put the low well-being of children in the UK firmly on the agenda. Compared with 20 other OECD2 countries, including substantially poorer countries such as Poland and Greece, the UK came bottom on three out of six dimensions of well-being, and came bottom overall in the league table. Other indices of children's well-being have also found the UK to be doing badly. UNICEF UK wished to understand this poor performance and how it relates to children's rights and well-being within the UK. To explore some of the potential drivers worth further investigation, UNICEF UK commissioned a scoping study. This reviewed the available data and literature to consider the factors which appeared to account for between-country differences in child well-being at an international level.Availability: (1)

Does income inequality cause health and social problems? /

by Rowlingson, Karen | Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Publisher: York, U.K. Joseph Rowntree Foundation 2011Description: 51 p.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: September 2011 Bibliography : 42-49Summary: This report provides an independent review of the evidence about the impact of inequality.Availability: (1)

Healthy, wealthy and wise? : the relationship between health, employment and earnings in Australia /

by Nepal, Binod | National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling | Payne, Alicia | Brown, Laurie.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. NATSEM 2009Description: PDF.Other title: AMP.NATSEM income and wealth report ; issue 23.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: July 2009 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: Health is wealth, goes the adage. The message is clear: those who are healthy are likely to earn more. Is this old adage still applicable in Australia today? Are people with better health able to earn more than their peers with poorer health? How big is the gap? This 23rd issue of the AMP.NATSEM Income and Wealth Report series examines how health underpins the employment and earnings of working-age Australians.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Money for nothing? : Australia in the global middle class welfare debate /

by Buckmaster, Luke.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Parliament of Australia. Parliamentary Library 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: This 44-page Australian research paper seeks to contribute to understanding of key issues in the debate about middle class welfare through an examination of comparative research into different welfare systemsAvailability: (1)

Neoliberalism and the underclass thesis : social divisions in an era of welfare reform /

by Martin, Sonia.

Publisher: Saarbrucken, Germany Verlag Dr. Muller 2009Description: x, 399 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.Notes: Thesis (PhD)--University of South Australia,2006. Also available electronically via the WWW.Summary: This thesis is a study of social divisions and an assessment of the impact of neoliberalism upon them. Its purpose is to investigate the nature of comtemporary social divisions, and whether or not the 'underclass' is a useful way of conceiving the social and economic marginalisation of some individuals. ; The underclass thesis crystallises in a powerful and contentious way some fundamental premises that underpin the neoliberal philosophy, namely that the welfare state is considered a threat to freedom, discourages work, and is socially and economically damaging. Thus there ought to be a reduced role for the state in the provision of welfare. ; There are two fundamental weaknesses in social democratic critics' contributions to debates about welfare reform. The first relates to a focus on residual welfare and measurements of poverty, largely neglecting the systems of power that underlie welfare distribution. The second relates to the omission of agency. Critics' responses have tended to ignore the behaviour of the welfare beneficiaries targeted by current reform. In order to address both of these issues, I have formulated a critical post-traditional paradigm of social divisions. ; The study comprises three stages. The first is an historical overview of neoliberal policy and a quantitative analysis of social divisions. The findings indicate that neoliberal nations have the lowest commitment to welfare, and the highest levels of poverty and widening inequality. In Australia, labour market changes and educational underachievement are likely to contribute to new and emerging divisions, and the cumulative nature of disadvantage is apparent within low socio-economic areas. ; The second stage of the study examines the policies of the Howard Coalition Government in Australia and focuses on the prevalence of the underclass phenomenon in current welfare reform. Records central to the Government's welfare reform agenda are analysed to examine policy makers' normative beliefs. The findings reveal that the underclass thesis is an ideological construct that legitimises a reduction of welfare provision and control of the unemployed. ; The third stage of the study focuses on the experiences of unemployment among young people, and the views and experiences of welfare providers who work with them. The data show that individuals make decisions about their lives from the range of options they perceive to be available to them at a particular point in time. These options are not limited to those made available by the provisions of the welfare state, nor are they solely the product of inter-generational welfare. The welfare providers enforce the Government's position on welfare reform by endorsing a version of the underclass thesis in their work and directing their interventions at the individual. ; Considered together, the findings reveal that a conservative neoliberal social policy fails to capture the complex interaction that occurs between individuals and their social environment, and the impact this has on their labour market activities. By successfully converting the problem of welfare dependency into a private issue, a neoliberal social policy is legitimised and current social arrangements are maintained.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Ordinary people's politics : Australians talk about life, politics and the future of their country. /

by Brett, Judith | Moran, Anthony.

Publisher: North Melbourne, Vic. Pluto Press 2006Description: 337 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 331-337) BB78 Replacement copy (20.8.07) Gratis copy used as replacement when discovered original has been misplaced.Summary: Many Australians describe themselves as ordinary . This book aims to capture the political outlook of people who are neither famous nor exceptional, in narrative chapters based on conversations with 22 Australians (actually Victorians) of different ages, gender, ethnic background and occupation. The final chapter draws together patterns and trends in these Australians views of government and politics, shaped by their experiences of war, migration, activism and family life.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Reconceiving social exclusion /

by Fischer, Andrew M | University of Manchester. Brooks World Poverty Institute.

Publisher: Manchester, U.K. University of Manchester. Brooks World Poverty Institute 2011Description: PDF.Other title: BWPI working paper ; no. 146.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2011 Bibliography pp. 24-27Summary: Several ambiguities in the social exclusion literature in both the fields of social policy and development studies fuel the common criticism that the concept is redundant with respect to already existing poverty approaches, particularly more multidimensional and processual approaches, such as relative or capability poverty. In order to resolve these ambiguities and to derive value-added from the concept, social exclusion needs to be reconceptualised in a way that decisively opts for a processual definition, without reference to norms and/or poverty. Accordingly, a working definition of social exclusion is proposed as structural, institutional or agentive processes of repulsion or obstruction. This definition gives attention to processes occurring vertically throughout social hierarchies and opens up applications of the social exclusion approach to analyses of stratification, segregation and subordination in development studies, especially within contexts of high or rising inequality. Three strengths and applications include situations where exclusions lead to stratifying or impoverishing trajectories without any short-term poverty outcomes; where upward mobility of poor people is hindered by exclusions occurring among the nonpoor; and situations of inequality-induced conflict.Availability: (1)

Religion, class coalitions, and welfare states /

by Kersbergen, Kees van (Ed.) | Manow, Philip (Ed.).

Publisher: Cambridge, U.K. Cambridge University Press 2009Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

School choice : how parents negotiate the new school market in Australia /

by Campbell, Craig.

Publisher: Crows Nest, N.S.W. Allen & Unwin 2009Description: vii, 208 p. ; 21 cm.Notes: Includes index. Includes bibliographical references: p. [197]-203 and index. SCHOOL TO WORKSummary: "Parents are willing to move suburbs, compromise their financial security or give up travel to get their children into their preferred school. Most parents themselves were educated in public schools and contend they are satisfied with the experience, yet now many aspire to a private school education for their children. What is motivating parents and driving school choice? What are the implications for Australian society into the future? Drawing on extensive interviews with parents and school principals in independent, religious and public schools, School Choice gets to the heart of this movement for radical social change. The authors examine the aspirations of middle class parents, school marketing campaigns, government policy, and the changing nature of independent, religious and public schools."--Provided by publisher. ; Explores dilemmas parents face when choosing a school for their children, and the impact of the growing private school sector on families, schools and the community.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Social stratification and equal opportunity in education /

by Centre for European Policy Studies.

Publisher: Brussels, Belgium Centre for European Policy Studies 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS). Working document ;.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: December 2011 Bibliography : p. 31 34Summary: In this Working Document we look at which OECD countries deliberately attempt to reproduce social stratification through educational policies, and which countries put greater emphasis on intervening in the stratification process. First, we examine the relationship between education and welfare policies as measures of intervention in this process: do countries intervene in both education and welfare - driven by a 'stratification culture' Or is there a trade-off between intervention in education and welfare, with certain countries prioritising one over the other? Our findings indicate that there are two pure types of clusters: i) a cluster in which: 'the role of public policy is to promote equality' including countries that are egalitarian in the welfare and the education systems and ii) a cluster with stratification in both, a cluster in which - 'there is a proper place for everyone in society' and several mixed clusters. Second, we consider whether it is the state on the one hand or the market or family on the other hand that provides education and welfare.Availability: (1)

The exclusive society: citizenship and the poor /

by Lister, Ruth | Child Poverty Action Group.

Publisher: London, U.K. Child Poverty Action Group 1989Description: 82 p. Includes bibliographical references.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

The housing impacts of neighbourhood change: gentrification, affordability and displacement /

by Rowland, Atkinson | Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute | Wulff, Maryann | Reynolds, Margaret | Spinney, Angela.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute 2011Description: HTML.Other title: Gentrification and displacement : the household impacts of.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Project Number: 40548 URL contains Positioning Paper: No. 115: Gentrification and displacement: a review of approaches and findings in the literature Final Report: No. 160: Gentrification and displacement: the household impacts of neighbourhood change Research and Policy Bulletin: Issue 137: Gentrification and displacement: the household impacts of neighbourhood change Final Report downloadedSummary: Gentrification refers to the migration of higher income households to lower income neighbourhoods. The process has become evident in many large regional and major metropolitan areas across Australia and thus follows a worldwide trend in which a growing service sector economy and lower cost, central city neighbourhoods have combined to produce notable shifts in the socio-demographic composition of centrally located neighbourhoods. More households on higher incomes have generated increased competition for housing resources, particularly in more central urban areas. These shifts have also occurred as State and city governments have acted to improve and redevelop central city areas which sometimes were run-down or had small residential populations. With interest in housing affordability and, increasingly, the role of the private rental system at the fore of policy debates regarding housing stress, the research was intended to offer insights into the way that socio-economic migration in Australia?s cities is affecting the position of low-income households. It is clear that gentrification has become a significant factor, influencing the cost of housing in the neighbourhoods it has touched. In areas like Yarraville and Richmond in Melbourne, Paddington and Newtown in Sydney, significant migration by high-income professional households have raised prices and rents by significant margins.Availability: (1)

The welfare state : a reader. /

by Pierson, Christopher (ed.) | Castles, Francis G. (ed.).

Publisher: Cambridge, U.K. Polity Press 2000Description: xi, 403 p. ; ill. ; 24 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: I. Approaches to welfare. The first welfare state? / Thomas Paine -- 'Classical'. The welfare state in historical perspective / Asa Briggs -- Citizenship and social class / T. H. Marshall -- Universalism versus selection / Richard Titmuss -- Perspectives on the Left. What is social justice? / Commission on Social Justice -- The fiscal crisis of the state / James O'Connor -- Some contradictions of the modern welfare state / Claus Offe -- The power resources model / Walter Korpi -- Responses from the Right. The meaning of the welfare state / Friedrich von Hayek -- The two wars against poverty / Charles Murray -- The new politics of the new poverty / Lawrence M. Mead -- Feminism. Feminism and social policy / Mary McIntosh -- The patriarchal welfare state / Carole Pateman -- II. Debates and Issues. Welfare regimes. Three worlds of welfare capitalism / Gosta Esping-Andersen -- The real worlds of welfare capitalism / Robert E. Goodin, Bruce Headey, Ruud Muffels and Henk-Jan Dirven -- A European welfare state? Towards a European welfare state? / Stephan Leibfried -- Is the European social model fragmenting? / John Grahl and Paul Teague -- Competitiveness and globalization [globalisation] challenges for the welfare state. Social welfare and competitiveness / Ian Gough -- Negative integration: states and the loss of boundary control / Fritz Scharpf -- Challenges to welfare: external constraints / Martin Rhodes -- National economic governance / Paul Hirst and Grahame Thompson -- Demographic and social change. Social security around the world / Estelle James -- On averting the age old crisis / R. Beattie and W. McGillivray -- Intergenerational conflict and the welfare state: American and British perspectives / Chris Phillipson -- Political challenges to the welfare state. The new politics of the welfare state / Paul Pierson -- Welfare state retrenchment revisited / Richard Clayton and Jonas Pontusson -- III. The futures of welfare. High-risk strategy / Will Hutton -- The implications of ecological thought for social welfare / Tony Fitzpatrick -- Basic income and the two dilemmas of the welfare state / Philippe van Parijs -- The welfare state and postmodernity / Kirk Mann -- Positive welfare / Anthony GiddensAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

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