Brotherhood of St Laurence

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Decent childhoods : reframing the fight to end child poverty /

by Bell, Kate | Decent Childhoods | Strelitz, Jason.

Publisher: n.p. Decent Childhoods 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: Decent Childhoods: reframing the fight to end child poverty comes out of a lengthy process of discussion and research. Baroness Ruth Lister responded and the debate which followed reached a consensus that Labour's anti-poverty politics had not succeeded in engaging the public and that a radical rethink was required. Decent Childhoods is the outcome of that debate. Kate and Jason ask the right questions, and they issue a challenge to create a new politics of poverty. It is going to need one. The Institute for Fiscal Studies has predicted that child poverty will increase by 2020, and that the statutory target to halve child poverty will be missed. The Coalition Government's rapid and radical cuts in public spending not only threaten a new recession, but they will also blight a great many lives.Availability: (1)

Education mobility in England : the link between the education levels of parents and the educational outcomes of teenagers /

by Ermisch, John | The Sutton Trust | Del Bono, Emilia.

Publisher: London, U.K. The Sutton Trust 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2010Summary: This report summarises research by the University of Essex on the link between the educational levels of parents and the educational outcomes of teenage children growing up in England today. The changes in this association over time in England and comparisons of the intergenerational link with that in other countries provide the most up-to-date picture of education mobility in the UK and indicate the levels of social mobility today's teenagers are likely to experience as adults.Availability: (1)

Equality of opportunity in Australia : myth and reality. /

by Argy, Fred.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. The Australia Institute 2006Description: PDF.Availability: No items available

Health, ageing and private health insurance : baseline results from the 45 and Up Study Cohort /

by Banks, E. et al.

Publisher: London, U.K. BioMed Central 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: This study investigates the relationships between health and lifestyle factors, age and private health insurance (PHI) in a large Australian population-based cohort study of people aged 45 years and overAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Housing and the labor market : time to move and aggregate unemployment /

by Rupert, Peter | Institute for the Study of Labor | Wasmer, Etienne.

Publisher: Bonn, Germany Institute for the Study of Labor 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: The Mortensen-Pissarides model with unemployment benefits and taxes has been able to account for the variation in unemployment rates across countries but does not explain why geographical mobility is very low in some countries (on average, three times lower in Europe than in the U.S.). We build a model in which both unemployment and mobility rates are endogenous. Our findings indicate that an increase in unemployment benefits and in taxes does not generate a strong decline in mobility and accounts for only half to two-thirds of the difference in unemployment from the US to Europe. We find that with higher commuting costs the effect of housing frictions plays a large role and can generate a substantial decline in mobility. We show that such frictions can account for the differences in unemployment and mobility between the US and Europe.Availability: (1)

Human development report 2009 : overcoming barriers : human mobility and development /

by United Nations Development Programme.

Publisher: Basingstoke, U.K. Palgrave Macmillan 2009Description: xii, 217 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Published for the United Nations Development Programme. Includes bibliographical references and statistical annex Contents : How and why people move -- Barriers to movement -- The case for mobility -- Our proposal -- The way forward -- Freedom and movement : how mobility can foster human development -- Mobility matters -- Choice and context : understanding why people move -- Development, freedom and human mobility -- What we bring to the table -- People in motion : who moves where, when and why -- Human movement today -- Looking back -- Policies and movement -- Looking ahead : the crisis and beyond -- How movers fare -- Incomes and livelihoods -- Health -- Education -- Empowerment, civic rights and participation -- Understanding outcomes from negative drivers -- Overall impacts -- Impacts at origin and destination -- Impacts at places of origin -- Destination place effects -- Policies to enhance human development outcomes -- The core package -- The political feasibility of reform -- conclusions.Summary: Human development is about putting people at the centre of development. It is about people realizing their potential, increasing their choices and enjoying the freedom to lead lives they value. Since 1990, annual Human Development Reports have explored challenges including poverty, gender, democracy, human rights, cultural liberty, globalization, water scarcity and climate change. Migration, both within and beyond borders, has become an increasingly prominent theme in domestic and international debates, and is the topic of the 2009 Human Development Report. The starting point is that the global distribution of capabilities is extraordinarily unequal, and that this is a major driver for movement of people. Migration can expand their choices 'in terms of incomes, accessing services and participation, for example' but the opportunities open to people vary from those who are best endowed to those with limited skills and assets. These underlying inequalities, which can be compounded by policy distortions, is a theme of the report. The report investigates migration in the context of demographic changes and trends in both growth and inequality. It also presents more detailed and nuanced individual, family and village experiences, and explores less visible movements typically pursued by disadvantaged groups such as short term and seasonal migration.Availability: (1)

Indicators of access to cultural resources, education and skills for the PSE survey /

by Bramley, Glen | Economic and Social Research Council | Besemer, Kirsten.

Publisher: Swindon, U.K. Economic and Social Research Council 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Poverty and social exclusion in the UK : the 2011 survey..Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: January 2011 Bibliography pp. 33-35Summary: This paper discusses indicators relating to Domain 4 (Cultural Resources) and Domain 7 (Cultural Participation) of the revised Bristol Social Exclusion Matrix (Levitas, et al., October 2010) for use in the 2011 Poverty and Social Exclusion survey. In the BSEM, education is treated as a resource as well as an aspect of cultural participation. Questions in the PSE therefore need to cover both the educational resources (human capital) of the adults in the survey, i.e. their education background, and the educational resources currently received by children. 'Internet literacy' has become increasingly relevant for educational attainment, as well as for a range of other areas including access to services, employment and as a basis for social networks. This paper therefore identifies a number of potential questions about use of and access to the internet, based on the OXIS and ONS omnibus. Furthermore, the PSE 2011 survey needs to better capture educational advantages associated with higher income levels, in order to capture living standards across the socio-economic spectrum. Such advantages include private tutors and private education. In addition, there is a need for a question that captures adult's ability to communicate in English, as it is likely to affect areas such as children's performance at school, access to public services, social networks and access to employment.Availability: (1)

Intergenerational social mobility /

by Causa, Osrsetta | Johansson, Asa.

Publisher: OECD Publications 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: This paper assesses recent patterns in intergenerational social mobility across OECD countries and examines the role that public policies can play in facilitating mobility. ; It shows that the relationship between parental or socio-economic background and offspring?s educational and wage outcomes is positive and significant in practically all countries for which evidence is available. Intergenerational social mobility is measured by several different indicators since no single indicator provides a complete picture. However, one pattern that emerges is of a group of countries, e.g. southern European countries and Luxembourg, which appears to rank as relatively immobile on most indicators, while another group, e.g. Nordics, is found to be more mobile. Furthermore, public policies such as education and early childcare play a role in explaining observed differences in intergenerational social mobility across countries. In addition, this study also finds a positive cross-country correlation between intergenerational social mobility and redistributive policies.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Mobilities /

by Urry, John.

Publisher: Cambridge ; Malden, MA Polity 2007Description: 335 p. ; 23 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: Pt. 1. Mobile Worlds -- 1. Mobilizing Social Life -- 2. 'Mobile' Theories and Methods -- 3. The Mobilities Paradigm -- Pt. 2. Moving and Communicating -- 4. Pavements and Paths -- 5. 'Public' Trains -- 6. Inhabiting Cars and Roads -- 7. Flying Around -- 8. Connecting and Imagining -- Pt. 3. Societies and Systems on the Move -- 9. Gates to Heaven and Hell -- 10. Networks -- 11. Meetings -- 12. Places -- 13. Systems and Dark Futures.Summary: "Issues of movement - of people, things, information, and ideas - are central to people's lives and to most organizations. In this book John Urry draws upon an extensive array of new research and material to develop what he calls the 'new mobilities paradigm' for the social sciences. He shows how this paradigm makes comprehensible social phenomena which were previously opaque. He examines how 'mobilities' each presuppose a 'system' that permits predictable and relatively risk-free repetition. The book outlines various such systems and then analyses their intersecting implications for social inequality, social networks and meetings, the nature of places, and alternative mobility futures."--BOOK JACKET.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Opening doors, breaking barriers: a strategy for social mobility /

by Great Britain. HM Government.

Publisher: London, U.K. UK. Cabinet Office April 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Foreword by Nick Clegg, Deputy Prime MinisterSummary: 'A fair society is an open society, one in which every individual is free to succeed. That is why improving social mobility is the principal goal of the Government?s social policy. No one should be prevented from fulfilling their potential by the circumstances of their birth. What ought to count is how hard you work and the skills and talents you possess, not the school you went to or the jobs your parents did. This strategy sets out our vision of a socially mobile country, and how it can become a reality' ForewordAvailability: (1)

Reconceiving social exclusion /

by Fischer, Andrew M | University of Manchester. Brooks World Poverty Institute.

Publisher: Manchester, U.K. University of Manchester. Brooks World Poverty Institute 2011Description: PDF.Other title: BWPI working paper ; no. 146.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2011 Bibliography pp. 24-27Summary: Several ambiguities in the social exclusion literature in both the fields of social policy and development studies fuel the common criticism that the concept is redundant with respect to already existing poverty approaches, particularly more multidimensional and processual approaches, such as relative or capability poverty. In order to resolve these ambiguities and to derive value-added from the concept, social exclusion needs to be reconceptualised in a way that decisively opts for a processual definition, without reference to norms and/or poverty. Accordingly, a working definition of social exclusion is proposed as structural, institutional or agentive processes of repulsion or obstruction. This definition gives attention to processes occurring vertically throughout social hierarchies and opens up applications of the social exclusion approach to analyses of stratification, segregation and subordination in development studies, especially within contexts of high or rising inequality. Three strengths and applications include situations where exclusions lead to stratifying or impoverishing trajectories without any short-term poverty outcomes; where upward mobility of poor people is hindered by exclusions occurring among the nonpoor; and situations of inequality-induced conflict.Availability: (1)

Social engagement of the elderly in residential care. /

by Moseby, Sally.

Publisher: unpub. 2002Description: 22p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 19-22)Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

State of the nation report : poverty, worklessness and welfare dependency in the UK /

by Great Britain. Cabinet Office.

Publisher: London, U.K. Cabinet Office 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2010Summary: Addressing poverty and inequality in Britain is at the heart of our agenda for government. It is unacceptable that, in one of the wealthiest nations in the world, millions of adults and children are living in poverty. Whole communities are existing at the margins of society, trapped in dependency and unable to progress. In these areas aspiration and social mobility disappear, leaving disadvantaged children to become disadvantaged adultAvailability: (1)

The occupations and earnings of young Australians : the role of education and training /

by Marks, Gary N | Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth.

Publisher: Camberwell, Vic. Australian Council for Educational Research 2008Description: PDF.Notes: SCHOOL TO WORKSummary: "Social background plays only a small role in accounting for differences in occupational status and earnings at age 24, indicating that education is enhancing social mobility, according to this report. ; However, not all forms of post-secondary education and training are equally beneficial. In terms of earnings, a bachelor degree had the largest impact, increasing earnings by about 31 per cent on average. Apprenticeships increased earnings by about 23 per cent, a TAFE diploma increased earnings by about 14 per cent, and a university diploma by about 17 per cent. Completing a traineeship increased earnings by about 8 per cent and a TAFE certificate by about 5 per cent. ; Generally, young women had slightly higher levels of occupational status than did young men, but even during their early career weekly earnings were about 20 per cent less. Possible reasons for this include the higher proportions of young women in part-time work and gender differences in the types of jobs." -- APOAvailability: No items available

Working for renewal : an evaluation of Mission Australia's UREEP : a social enterprise and transitional labour market program /

by Mission Australia.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. Mission Australia 2008Description: 39 p.: ill.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: INTO AND OUT OF WORKAvailability: (1)

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