Brotherhood of St Laurence

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A 21st century solution to skill shortages in Australia /

by Quirk, Victor.

Publisher: Callaghan, N.S.W. Centre for Full Employment and Equity 2009Description: PDF.Notes: Working Paper no.09-04Summary: This paper argues for specific, major, institutional reforms capable of building a high-skilled internationally competitive labour force in Australia. It argues for replacing the current policy of maintaining labour underutilisation as a productivity driver, with a national system of counter-cyclical public sector employment (Job Guarantee) and ; skills formation infrastructure, organised on a regional basis. ; The first section introduces the issue of Australia's deficient skill formation capacity. Sections 2 & 3 summarise deficits in key labour market institutions, the Job Network and the tertiary education sector. Section 4 highlights the chronic failure of the private sector to provide supervised opportunities for novices to undertake skilled work. Section 5 argues that the state has a unique responsibility to act, while section 6 proposes necessary components of an institutional framework. The conclusion addresses the political question of opposition to full employment.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

A curate's egg? : Australia's immigration and population policies. /

by Withers, Glenn.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T.Australia and New Zealand Health Policy [electronic resource] ; 2006, : 2006Description: PDF.Notes: URL: 'http://www.sisr.net/apo/withers.pdf' Checked: 22/04/2009 2:26:11 PM Status: Live Details: HTTP status 200 - Usual success responseAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Accounting for the unemployment decrease in Australia /

by Mitchell, William.

Publisher: Newcastle, N.S.W. University of Newcastle. The Centre of Full Employment and Equity 2005Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Annual review of regulatory burdens on business : social and economic infrastructure services /

by Australia. Productivity Commission.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Productivity Commission 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Are older workers worthy of their pay? : an empirical investigation of age-productivity and age-wage nexuses /

by Rute Cardoso, Ana | Institute for the Study of Labor | Guimaraes, Paulo | Varejao, Jose.

Publisher: Bonn, Germany Institute for the Study of Labor 2010Description: PDF.Other title: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Discussion paper ;.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: August 2010 Bibliography : p. 16-17 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: Using longitudinal employer-employee data spanning over a 22-year period, we compare age-wage and age-productivity profiles and find that productivity increases until the age range of 50-54, whereas wages peak around the age 40-44. At younger ages, wages increase in line with productivity gains but as prime-age approaches, wage increases lag behind productivity gains. As a result, older workers are, in fact, worthy of their pay, in the sense that their contribution to firm-level productivity exceeds their contribution to the wage bill. On the methodological side, we note that failure to account for the endogenous nature of the regressors in the estimation of the wage and productivity equations biases the results towards a pattern consistent with underpayment followed by overpayment type of policies.Availability: (1)

Assessing the impact of labour market policies on productivity : a difference-in-differences approach. /

by Bassanini, Andrea | Venn, Danielle.

Publisher: Paris, France Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2007Description: PDF.Notes: INTO AND OUT OF WORKAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Australian vocational education and training statistics : outcomes from the Productivity Places Program, 2009 /

by National Centre for Vocational Education Research.

Publisher: Adelaide, S.A. National Centre for Vocational Education Research 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: Information is presented in this publication about the outcomes for students who completed their vocational education and training (VET) under the Productivity Places Program (PPP) during 2008. The Productivity Places Program Survey covers students who were awarded a qualification in 2008 with funding from the PPP. The survey focuses on students' employment outcomes and satisfaction with VET. Information about the level and type of training students undertake, further study patterns, whether they achieved their main reason for undertaking training and how relevant the training was to their current job is also collected.Availability: (1)

Commuting, Wages and Bargaining Power /

by Rupert, Peter | Institute for the Study of Labor | Stancanelli, Elena | Wasmer, Etienne.

Publisher: Institute for the Study of Labor 2009Description: PDF.Other title: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). Discussion paper ;.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: October 2009 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: A search model of the labor market is augmented to include commuting time to work. The theory posits that wages are positively related to commute distance, by a factor itself depending negatively on the bargaining power of workers. Since not all combinations of distance and wages are accepted, there is non-random selection of accepted job offers. We build on these ingredients to explore in the data the relationship between wages and commute time. We find that neglecting to account for this selection will bias downward the wage impact of commuting, and marginally affect the coefficients on education, age and gender. The correlation between the residuals of the selectivity equation and the distance equation is -0.70, showing the large impact of commute time on job acceptance decisions. We also use the theory to calculate the bargaining power of workers which largely varies depending on demographic groups: it appears to be much larger for men than that for women and that the ba! rgaining power of women with young children is essentially zero.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Corporate education : a practical guide to effective corporate learning /

by Ryan, Lindsay.

Publisher: Salisbury, S.A. Griffin Press 2010Description: xii, 268 p. : ill.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 254-261) and index.Summary: This book is intended to assist chief executives, senior managers, line managers, human resource managers, organisation development managers, chief learning officers and training managers by providing relevant information and case studies to better understand the role and potential of corporate education and training. The book provides practical information to assist organisations improve the effectiveness of their corporate education and training programs, improve productivity and increase their return on investment from employee learning and development.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Demystifying the tendering process. /

by Victorian Council of Social Service.

Publisher: 1995Availability: No items available

Fostering enterprise : the innovation and skills nexus - research readings /

by Curtin, Penelope | National Centre for Vocational Education Research | Stanwick, John | Beddie, Francesca | (eds).

Publisher: Adelaide, S.A. National Centre for Vocational Education Research 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: The main impetus for the interest in innovation is that it is seen to improve productivity at the firm level and therefore improved economic prosperity and living standards. This edited volume was commissioned by the Department of Employment, Education and Workplace Relations. The authors contribute a variety of views on innovation from different perspectives. Some of the main themes running throughout the book are reasons for firms innovating, the skills required for innovation and how innovation and skills development is supported by the training system, the firm and government. Innovation is seen as moving beyond research and development, to include new products, services and operational/organisational processes.Availability: (1)

How many wheelchairs can you push at once? : productivity in the community service organisation sector in Victoria. /

by Allen Consulting Group.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. The Allen Consulting Group 2008Description: PDF.Notes: URL: 'http://tinyurl.com/75uda7' Checked: 2/03/2009 9:58:39 AM Status: Live Details: HTTP status 200 - Usual success responseSummary: "Based on a survey of and interviews with over 200 community sector organisation (CSO) representatives in Victoria, this report found that CSOs are already working as efficiently as they can and further productivity improvements are not possible without additional funding. > > The key findings of the report include: > * Victorian community sector organisations are already working as efficiently as they can and further improvements are not possible without additional funding to do so. CSOs have absorbed additional costs to date and have found it necessary to augment core Government funding with other types of funding sources. > * Sixty per cent of survey respondents said that their organisations current level of funding was insufficient to cover the services they are required to deliver and a third of these organisations had to reduce the scope of their services as a result. 52 per cent of these agencies said that their clients would be considerably worse off without their organisation s services. > * In the last year, 69 per cent of organisations had turned away people from their organisation that were eligible for a service. Sixty-two per cent of these CSOs said that they turned clients away after providing them with only basic assistance due to capacity constraints and 30 per cent said they turned clients away after providing them with no assistance at all. > * Organisations report relying on other sources of funding from fundraising, investments and philanthropists to meet funding shortfalls. Organisations have voiced a concern about the impact of the global financial crisis on these alternative sources of funding just as demand for services is likely to increase putting an even greater strain on what are already overstretched social services. > * Many respondents said the increasing cost of compliance and reporting was imposing a significant financial burden on their organisations and reduced efficiencies. > > The report argues that further productivity gains are unlikely in the sector without jeopardising service delivery and any further improvements will be very difficult to achieve without additional funding to do so." -- VCOSSAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

How to avoid a pension crisis : a question of intelligent system design /

by Cigno, Alessandro | Institute for the Study of Labor.

Publisher: Bonn, Germany Institute for the Study of Labor 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: Conventional pension systems suffer from a design defect which makes them financially unsustainable, and a source of inefficiency for the economy as a whole. The paper outlines a second-best policy which includes a public pension system made up of two parallel schemes, a Bismarckian one allowing individuals to qualify for a pension by working and paying contributions in the usual way, and an unconventional one allowing them to qualify for a pension by having children, and investing time and money in their upbringing.Availability: (1)

Increasing the Legal Retirement Age : The Impact on Wages, Worker Flows and Firm Performance /

by Martins, Pedro S | Institute for the Study of Labor | Novo, lvaro A | Portugal, Pedro.

Publisher: Bonn, Germany Institute for the Study of Labor 2009Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: Many pay-as-you-go pension systems have increased or plan to increase their legal retirement age (LRA) to address the financial consequences of ageing. Although the success of these policies is ultimately determined at the labour market, little is known about the effects of higher LRAs at the firm level. Here, we identify this effect by considering a legislative reform introduced in Portugal in 1994: women's LRA was gradually increased from 62 to 65 years while men's LRA stayed unchanged at 65. Using detailed matched employer-employee panel data and difference-in-differences matching methods, we analyse the effects of the reform in terms of a number of worker- and firm-level outcomes. After providing evidence of compliance with the law, we find that the wages and hours worked of older women (those required to work longer) were virtually unchanged. However, firms employing older female workers significantly reduced their hirings, especially of younger female workers. Those fi! rms also lowered their output although not their output per worker.Availability: (1)

Keeping skills during hard times /

by Wren, Toni.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. Dusseldorp Skills Forum 2008Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: December 2008 "A Discussion Paper by Toni Wern For Dusseldorp Skills Forum and Job Futures"Summary: Australia needs to adopt clever solutions in dealing with the economic slowdown and adopt alternatives to redundancies to avoid throwing away the considerable investment in skills and training. ; This is the basic premise of the report 'Keeping Skills During Hard Times'. It recommends establishing a Skills Development Fund that would enable employers to retain their employees during the economic slowdown while they undertake training. With an estimated 200,000 Australians likely to lose their jobs over the next two years, the report's author, international labour market analyst, Toni Wren, says it is vital that governments and industry work cooperatively to come up with alternatives to layoffs. This report states that the focus of government policy needs to remain on building skills in the workforce and implementing structures that will cushion the impact of the slowdown on workers, including alternatives to forced redundancies. The Skills Development Fund, jointly financed by government and industry, would be a dedicated resource to help boost skills development in key industries. A part of the Fund would be earmarked to re-skill workers in green collar jobs needed for the transition to a new low-carbon economy. This report notes that there are already possible alternatives to redundancy that should be canvassed including reduced overtime, shorter working hours, job sharing, reduced reliance on casuals, requiring employees to take outstanding annual leave and taking unpaid leave, as well as firms themselves addressing performance issues.Availability: (1)

Lifting the quality of teaching and learning in higher education /

by Business Council of Australia.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Business Council of Australia 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: March 2011Summary: This Business Council of Australia paper identifies four priorities to ensure Australia's higher education sector is making the strongest contribution to lifting national productivity. The priorities are: rewarding effective teaching and learning outcomes, working with institutions to continue to improve the value and the relevance of what is taught, developing a comprehensive strategy for international education and developing a demand-driven system responsive to business, students and the community.Availability: (1)

Long-run trends in school productivity : evidence from Australia /

by Leigh, Andrew | Ryan, Chris.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Australian National University, Centre for Economic Policy Research 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: SCHOOL TO WORKSummary: Outside the United States, very little is known about long-run trends in school productivity. This paper presents new evidence using two data series from Australia, where comparable tests are available back to the 1960s. ; For young teenagers (aged 13-14), the authors find a small but statistically significant fall in numeracy over the period 1964-2003, and in both literacy and numeracy over the period 1975-1998. The decline is in the order of one-tenth to one-fifth of a standard deviation. Adjusting this decline for changes in student demographics does not affect this conclusion; if anything, the decline appears to be more acute. The available evidence also suggests that any changes in student attitudes, school violence, and television viewing are unlikely to have had a major impact on test scores. Real per-child school expenditure increased substantially over this period, implying a fall in school productivity. Although we cannot account for all the phenomena that might have affected school productivity, we identify a number of plausible explanations.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Northern prosperity is national prosperity: NEFC interim report /

by Northern Economic Futures Commission.

Publisher: Newcastle Upon Tyne, U.K. Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR North) 2012Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2012Summary: This interim report has been produced to: provide feedback to those who have contributed to our evidence gathering so far, reviewing what we have heard and our current thinking set out a group of core propositions about the past, present and future of the economy in the North of England on which we are inviting further response set out our plans for future research ahead of our final report, which will be published in the autumn, and invite partner engagement... The commission asserts that: The overall goal of economic development in the North of England should be to nurture open, sustainable and resilient economies in the North which make an enhanced contribution to the wider global and national economy, which accelerate economic transition, and which foster prosperity, opportunity and quality of life for its diverse people. This is underpinned by a number of policy objectives and a series of short- and long term indicators which include, but extend beyond, conventional measures of economic productivity. To achieve this vision, the commission proposes that we need a paradigm shift in ournational economic thinking which re-evaluates the significance of the North of England in relation to the national economic interest, and learns from our experience of the economic crisis. Our rationale is an economic and not just a social one, a national and not a parochial one, and one based on equal opportunity as well as fairness.Availability: (1)

Personalisation, productivity and efficiency /

by Carr, Sarah | Social Care Institute for Excellence.

Publisher: London, U.K. Social Care Institute for Excellence 2010Description: PDF.Other title: Social Care Institute for Excellence. Adult services report ;.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: December 2010 Bibliography : 31-33Summary: This brief report examines the potential for personalisation, particularly the mechanism of self-directed support and personal budgets, to result in costefficiencies and improved productivity as well as improved care and support, resulting in better outcomes for people's lives. It provides an overview of some emerging evidence on efficiency from the implementation of personalisation so far.Availability: (1)

Securing Victoria's future prosperity : a reform agenda : inquiry into a state-based reform agenda : a draft report for further consultation and input /

by Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission 2011Description: xlvi, 198 p. : graphs.Other title: Securing Victoria's future prosperity : a reform agenda :.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: November 2011Summary: Victoria faces significant challenges to maintain its competitiveness, both globally and relative to the rest of Australia. While recent growth in Victoria has been stronger than the other non-resource states, this has been partly driven by strong population growth, masking dwindling growth in productivity and in per capita GDP-the main determinants of growth in living standards. Further challenges are posed by the prospect of a sustained commodities boom maintaining a high Australian dollar and upward pressure on domestic process, threatening the competitiveness of Victorian exports. These factors intensify the need to pursue a reform program to enhance the State?s competitiveness.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

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