Brotherhood of St Laurence

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Moral responsibility and the boundaries of community : power and accountability from a pragmatic point of view /

by Smiley, Marion.

Publisher: Chicago, IL University of Chicago Press 1992Description: x, 286 p. ; 24 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 273-284) and index.Summary: The question of responsibility plays a critical role not only in our attempts to resolve social and political problems, but in our very conceptions of what those problems are. Who, for example, is to blame for apartheid in South Africa? Is the South African government responsible? What about multinational corporations that do business there? Will uncovering the "true facts of the matter" lead us to the right answer? In an argument both compelling and provocative, Marion Smiley demonstrates how attributions of blame--far from being based on an objective process of factual discovery--are instead judgments that we ourselves make on the basis of our own political and social points of view. She argues that our conception of responsibility is a singularly modern one that locates the source of blameworthiness in an individual's free will. After exploring the flaws inherent in this conception, she shows how our judgments of blame evolve out of our configuration of social roles, our conception of communal boundaries, and the distribution of power upon which both are based. The great strength of Smiley's study lies in the way in which it brings together both rigorous philosophical analysis and an appreciation of the dynamics of social and political practice. By developing a pragmatic conception of moral responsibility, this work illustrates both how moral philosophy can enhance our understanding of social and political practices and why reflection on these practices is necessary to the reconstruction of our moral concepts. ; Contents: 1. Introduction -- The Political Context of Moral Responsibility -- Beyond Free Will and Determinism -- Philosophical Pragmatism and Social Practice -- Part One -- 2. Communal Blame and the Classical Worldview -- Why We Cannot All Be Kantians -- Aristotle on the Conditions of Voluntariness -- The Responsibility of Children -- Blameworthiness, Communal Standards, and the Primacy of Moral Luck -- Volitional Excuses and the Criteria of Blameworthiness -- 3. Transcendental Authority and the Damnation of Christian Sinners -- Transcendental Authority Threatened -- From Communal Accountability to Moral Sin -- Religious Ascription vs. Scientific Discovery -- 4. Internalized Transcendence and the Modern Moral Conscience -- Moral Guilt and the Internalization of Social Blame -- The Burdens of Free Will -- Determinism, Moral Luck, and Insufficient Control -- Part Two -- 5. Moral Responsibility and the Prevention of Harm -- Shared Starting Points -- A Radical Extension of Moral Responsibility -- Traditional Constraints and the Deflation of Radical Theory -- The Subjectification of Social Blame -- 6. Social Expectations, Role Playing, and the Primacy of Moral Agency -- A Deontological View of Moral Agency -- Moral Agency and Social Norms -- Social Norms, Role Playing, and the Collapse of a Conservative Perspective -- 7. Moral Agency and the Distribution of Organizational Blame -- Moral Blame and Democratic Accountability -- Organizational Excuses -- Moral Tasks and the Distribution of Power -- Part Three -- 8. Actions, Consequences, and the Boundaries of Community -- Alternative Approaches -- The Practice of Moral Responsibility -- Casual Responsibility and Practical Control -- Interests, Expectations, and Social Roles -- Casual Responsibility and the Boundaries of Community -- Shifting Boundaries -- The Problem of Omissions -- When Do We Become Killers? -- 9. Private Blame and Public Accountability -- Moral Responsibility, Causation, and Blameworthiness -- Volitional Excuses and the Question of Fairness -- Do We Really Need to Talk about Free Will? -- Social Blame and the Regulation of Communal Standards -- Blaming, Interests, and the Maintenance of Power -- From Public Accountability to Moral Blameworthiness and Back -- 10. Conclusion: Morality and Power -- Bibliography -- Index.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Pedagogy of the oppressed. /

by Freire, Paulo.

Edition: 30th anniversary editionPublisher: New York, NY Continuum International Publishing Group Inc. 2000Description: 183 p.Notes: Translated by Myra Bergman Ramos. Introduction by Donaldo Macedo. Pedagogia del oprimido. English First published 1970. Includes bibliographical references.Availability: No items available Checked out (1).

Reclaiming development agendas : knowledge, power and international policy making. /

by Utting, Peter (ed.).

Publisher: Basingstoke, U.K. Palgrave Macmillan 2006Description: xix, 249 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 214-235) and index. Contents: Introduction: Reclaiming development agendas / Peter Utting -- 1. Challenging the knowledge business / Shalmali Guttal -- 2. The new buzzwords / Andrea Cornwall and Karen Brock -- 3. The search for policy autonomy in the global south / Norman Girvan -- 4. The World Bank as a knowledge agency / John Toye and Richard Toye -- 5. Knowledge management and the global agenda for education / Kenneth King -- 6. The quest for gender equality / Gita Sen -- 7. Global social policy reform / Bob Deacon -- 8. Generating knowledge in the United Nations / Louis Emmerij, Richard Jolly and Thomas G. Weiss.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Social action and power. /

by Crespi, Franco.

Publisher: Oxford, U.K. Blackwell 1992Description: x, 147 p.Notes: Cover title: Social action & power.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

The world in 2020 : power, culture, and prosperity. /

by McRae, Hamish.

Publisher: Boston, MA Harvard Business School Press 1995Description: xiii, 302 p. : ill. ; 25 cm.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Theorising empowerment : individual power and community care. /

by Servian, Richard.

Publisher: Bristol, U.K. The Policy Press 1996Description: iv, 77 p.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Voices of the poor : can anyone hear us? /

by Narayan, Deepa (ed.) | Patel Raj (ed.) | Schafft, Kai (ed.) | Rademacher, Anne (ed.) | Koch-Schulte, Sarah (ed.).

Publisher: Oxford, U.K. Oxford University Press for the World Bank 2000Description: xi, 343 p. : ill.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (pp. 334-341)Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Why nations fail : the origins of power, prosperity, and poverty /

by Acemoglu, Daron | Robinson, James.

Publisher: New York, NY Crown Business 2012Description: 529 p. : ill., map ; 25 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. [465]-509) and index.Summary: Based on fifteen years of original research Acemoglu and Robinson marshall extraordinary historical evidence from the Roman Empire, the Mayan city-states, medieval Venice, the Soviet Union, Latin America, England, Europe, the United States, and Africa to build a new theory of political economy with great relevance for the big questions of today, including: China has built an authoritarian growth machine. Will it continue to grow at such high speed and overwhelm the West? Are America's best days behind it? Are we moving from a virtuous circle in which efforts by elites to aggrandize power are resisted to a vicious one that enriches and empowers a small minority? What is the most effective way to help move billions of people from the rut of poverty to prosperity? More philanthropy from the wealthy nations of the West? Or learning the hard-won lessons of Acemoglu and Robinson's breakthrough ideas on the interplay between inclusive political and economic institutions - Why Nations Fail will change the way you look at and understand the world. ; Contents: Why Egyptians filled Tahrir Square to bring down Hosni Mubarak and what it means for our understanding of the causes of prosperity and poverty -- 1.So Close and Yet So Different -- Nogales, Arizona, and Nogales, Sonora, have the same people, culture, and geography. Why is one rich and one poor? -- 2.Theories That Don't Work -- Poor countries are poor not because of their geographies or cultures, or because their leaders do not know which policies will enrich their citizens -- 3.The Making of Prosperity and Poverty -- How prosperity and poverty are determined by the incentives created by institutions, and how politics determines what institutions a nation has -- 4.Small Differences and Critical Junctures: The Weight of History -- How institutions change through political conflict and how the past shapes the present -- 5."I've Seen the Future, and It Works": Growth Under Extractive Institutions - What Stalin, King Shyaam, the Neolithic Revolution, and the Maya city-states all had in common and how this explains why China's current economic growth cannot last -- 6.Drifting Apart -- How institutions evolve over time, often slowly drifting apart -- 7.The Turning Point -- How a political revolution in 1688 changed institutions in England and led to the Industrial Revolution -- 8.Not on Our Turf: Barriers to Development -- Why the politically powerful in many nations opposed the Industrial Revolution -- 9.Reversing Development -- How European colonialism impoverished large parts of the world -- 10.The Diffusion of Prosperity -- How some parts of the world took different paths to prosperity from that of Britain -- 11.The Virtuous Circle -- How institutions that encourage prosperity create positive feedback loops that prevent the efforts by elites to undermine them -- 12.The Vicious Circle -- How institutions that create poverty generate negative feedback loops and endure -- 13.Why Nations Fail Today -- Institutions, institutions, institutions -- 14.Breaking the Mold -- How a few countries changed their economic trajectory by changing their institutions -- 15.Understanding Prosperity and Poverty -- How the world could have been different and how understanding this can explain why most attempts to combat poverty have failed.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

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