Brotherhood of St Laurence

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Aboriginal approach to the nature of work /

by Graham, Mary | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence (unpub.) 1996Description: 17 p.Other title: Work and meaning : an Aboriginal perspective.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Unpublished paper for the Brotherhood of St Laurence Future of Work Project. INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: For Aboriginal people the word 'work', generally, means to labour on, or to accomplish some task. Specifically, to carry out some task with, and/or, for the group, that is, it is seen primarily as part of the activity of group responsibilities. Work, as in working to make a living or to survive is a relatively new concept for Indigenous people in Australia.Availability: Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).

Aging and the art of living /

by Baars, Jan.

Publisher: Baltimore, Maryland Johns Hopkins University Press 2012Description: x, 283 p. : ill.Notes: Bibliography : p. 253-274 Index : p. 275-283Summary: In this deeply considered meditation on aging in Western culture, Jan Baars argues that, in today's world, living longer does not necessarily mean living better. He contends that there has been an overall loss of respect for aging, to the point that understanding and "dealing with" aging people has become a process focused on the decline of potential and the advance of disease rather than on the accumulation of wisdom and the creation of new skills. To make his case, Baars compares and contrasts the works of such modern-era thinkers as Foucault, Heidegger, and Husserl with the thought of Plato, Aristotle, Sophocles, Cicero, and other Ancient and Stoic philosophers. He shows how people in the classical period-less able to control health hazards - had a far better sense of the provisional nature of living, which led to a philosophical and religious emphasis on cultivating the art of living and the idea of wisdom. This is not to say that modern society's assessments of aging are insignificant, but they do need to balance an emphasis on the measuring of age with the concept of "living in time." Gerontologists, philosophers, and students will find Baars' discussion to be a powerful, perceptive conversation starter.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
  (1 votes)
Capitalism /

by Ingham, Geoffrey.

Publisher: Cambridge ; Malden, MA Polity 2008Description: 284 p. ; 22 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: Classical theories of capitalism. Smith, Marx and Weber ; Schumpeter and Keynes ; The basic elements of capitalism -- The institutions. Money ; Market exchange ; The enterprise ; Capital and financial markets ; The state ; Conclusions.Summary: This book provides a basic introduction to the 'nuts and bolts' of capitalism for the beginner. It starts by examining the classic accounts of capitalism found in the works of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Max Weber, Joseph Schumpeter and John Maynard Keynes. Each placed emphasis on different institutional elements of capitalism - Smith on the market's 'invisible hand'; Marx on capital's exploitation of labour; Weber on the foundations of economic rationality; and Schumpeter and Keynes on the instability that results from capitalism's essentially monetary and financial character.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Explaining the normative /

by Turner, Stephen.

Publisher: Cambridge ; Malden, MA Polity 2010Description: ix, 228 p.Notes: Includes Bibliography and index.Summary: Normativity is what gives reasons their force, makes words meaningful, and makes rules and laws binding. It is present whenever we use such terms as 'correct,' 'ought,' 'must,' and the language of obligation, responsibility, and logical compulsion. Yet normativists, the philosophers committed to this idea, admit that the idea of a non-causal normative realm and a body of normative objects is spooky. Explaining the Normative is the first systematic, historically grounded critique of normativism. It identifies the standard normativist pattern of argument, and shows how this pattern depends on circularities, assumptions about the unique correctness of preferred descriptions, problematic transcendental arguments, and regress arguments that end in mysteries.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Happiness : lessons from a new science. /

by Layard, Richard.

Publisher: New York, NY Penguin 2005Description: ix, 310 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 273-297) and index.Summary: Economist Richard Layard contests the view prevailing among western governments (and many economists) that perfect markets will lead us to the greatest happiness that is possible, given people s wants and resources. In this book he explores the evidence (from psychology, sociology, neuroscience, economics and other disciplines) for what really makes people happy and therefore what steps we should be taking to make live really worth living.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

How we think about dementia : personhood, rights, ethics, the arts and what they mean for care /

by Hughes, Julian C.

Publisher: London, U.K. Jessica Kingsley 2014Description: 248 p.Notes: Bibliography : p. 230-238 Index : p. 240-248Summary: Exploring concepts of ageing, personhood, capacity, liberty, best interests and the nature and ethics of palliative care, this book will help those in the caring professions to understand and engage with the thoughts and arguments underpinning the experience of dementia and dementia care. Dementia is associated with ageing: what is the significance of this? People speak about person-centred care, but what is personhood and how can it be maintained? What is capacity, and how is it linked with the way a person with dementia is cared for as a human being? How should we think about the law in relation to the care of older people? Is palliative care the right approach to dementia, and if so what are the consequences of this view? What role can the arts play in ensuring quality of life for people with dementia? In answering such questions, Julian Hughes brings our attention back to the philosophical and ethical underpinnings of dementia care, shedding new light on the significance and implications for those in the caring professions, academics and researchers, and those living with dementia and their families.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
  (1 votes)
Identity and violence : the illusion of destiny /

by Sen, Amartya.

Publisher: New York ; London W. W. Norton & Co. 2006Description: xx, 215 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: The violence of illusion -- Making sense of identity -- Civilizational confinement -- Religious affiliations and Muslim history -- West and anti-west -- Culture and captivity -- Globalization and voice -- Multiculturalism and freedom -- Freedom to thinkSummary: "Sen argues in this book that conflict and violence are sustained today, no less than in the past, by the illusion of a unique identity. Indeed, the world is increasingly taken to be a federation of religions (or of "cultures" or "civilizations"), ignoring the relevance of other ways in which people see themselves, involving class, gender, profession, language, literature, science, music, morals, or politics. Global attempts to stop such violence are also handicapped by the conceptual disarray generated by the presumption of singular and choiceless identity. When relations among different human beings are identified with a "clash of civilizations," or alternatively, with "amity among civilizations," human beings are miniaturized and deposited into little boxes." "Through his investigation of such diverse subjects as multiculturalism, postcolonialism, fundamentalism, terrorism, and globalization, Sen brings out the need for a clearheaded understanding of human freedom and the effectiveness of constructive public voice in global civil society. The world, Sen shows, can be made to move toward peace as firmly as it has recently spiraled toward violence and war." -- BOOK JACKET.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
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Moral responsibility and the boundaries of community : power and accountability from a pragmatic point of view /

by Smiley, Marion.

Publisher: Chicago, IL University of Chicago Press 1992Description: x, 286 p. ; 24 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 273-284) and index.Summary: The question of responsibility plays a critical role not only in our attempts to resolve social and political problems, but in our very conceptions of what those problems are. Who, for example, is to blame for apartheid in South Africa? Is the South African government responsible? What about multinational corporations that do business there? Will uncovering the "true facts of the matter" lead us to the right answer? In an argument both compelling and provocative, Marion Smiley demonstrates how attributions of blame--far from being based on an objective process of factual discovery--are instead judgments that we ourselves make on the basis of our own political and social points of view. She argues that our conception of responsibility is a singularly modern one that locates the source of blameworthiness in an individual's free will. After exploring the flaws inherent in this conception, she shows how our judgments of blame evolve out of our configuration of social roles, our conception of communal boundaries, and the distribution of power upon which both are based. The great strength of Smiley's study lies in the way in which it brings together both rigorous philosophical analysis and an appreciation of the dynamics of social and political practice. By developing a pragmatic conception of moral responsibility, this work illustrates both how moral philosophy can enhance our understanding of social and political practices and why reflection on these practices is necessary to the reconstruction of our moral concepts. ; Contents: 1. Introduction -- The Political Context of Moral Responsibility -- Beyond Free Will and Determinism -- Philosophical Pragmatism and Social Practice -- Part One -- 2. Communal Blame and the Classical Worldview -- Why We Cannot All Be Kantians -- Aristotle on the Conditions of Voluntariness -- The Responsibility of Children -- Blameworthiness, Communal Standards, and the Primacy of Moral Luck -- Volitional Excuses and the Criteria of Blameworthiness -- 3. Transcendental Authority and the Damnation of Christian Sinners -- Transcendental Authority Threatened -- From Communal Accountability to Moral Sin -- Religious Ascription vs. Scientific Discovery -- 4. Internalized Transcendence and the Modern Moral Conscience -- Moral Guilt and the Internalization of Social Blame -- The Burdens of Free Will -- Determinism, Moral Luck, and Insufficient Control -- Part Two -- 5. Moral Responsibility and the Prevention of Harm -- Shared Starting Points -- A Radical Extension of Moral Responsibility -- Traditional Constraints and the Deflation of Radical Theory -- The Subjectification of Social Blame -- 6. Social Expectations, Role Playing, and the Primacy of Moral Agency -- A Deontological View of Moral Agency -- Moral Agency and Social Norms -- Social Norms, Role Playing, and the Collapse of a Conservative Perspective -- 7. Moral Agency and the Distribution of Organizational Blame -- Moral Blame and Democratic Accountability -- Organizational Excuses -- Moral Tasks and the Distribution of Power -- Part Three -- 8. Actions, Consequences, and the Boundaries of Community -- Alternative Approaches -- The Practice of Moral Responsibility -- Casual Responsibility and Practical Control -- Interests, Expectations, and Social Roles -- Casual Responsibility and the Boundaries of Community -- Shifting Boundaries -- The Problem of Omissions -- When Do We Become Killers? -- 9. Private Blame and Public Accountability -- Moral Responsibility, Causation, and Blameworthiness -- Volitional Excuses and the Question of Fairness -- Do We Really Need to Talk about Free Will? -- Social Blame and the Regulation of Communal Standards -- Blaming, Interests, and the Maintenance of Power -- From Public Accountability to Moral Blameworthiness and Back -- 10. Conclusion: Morality and Power -- Bibliography -- Index.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

New theories of welfare. /

by Fitzpatrick, Tony.

Publisher: Basingstoke, U.K. Palgrave Macmillan 2005Description: xvii, 239 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 216-236) and index.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Not so New Labour: a sociological critique of New Labour's policy and practice /

by Prideaux, Simon.

Publisher: Bristol, U.K. Policy Press 2005Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

On dignity : social inclusion and the politics of recognition /

by Morrison, Zoe | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence and University of Melbourne, Centre for Public Policy 2010Description: 23 p.Other title: Social policy working paper ; no. 12.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: June 2010 Bibliography : p. 20-23Summary: This paper discusses the role that a politics of recognition can play in strengthening the philosophical foundations of social inclusion thinking, and creating a better understanding of social inclusion in conceptualisation, policy and practice overall. 'Recognition' refers to a reciprocal respect for both the unique and equal status of all others.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Public policy : why ethics matters /

by Boston, Jonathan (ed.) | Bradstock, Andrew (ed.) | Eng, David (ed.).

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. ANU E Press 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography : p. 274-275Summary: This edited volume brings together a selection of 12 papers that were originally delivered at a major conference 'Ethical Foundations of Public Policy' in December 2009 in Wellington, New Zealand. The conference was co-hosted by the Institute of Policy Studies and the Philosophy Programme at Victoria University of Wellington, and the Centre for Theology and Public Issues at the University of Otago, and was sponsored by the School of Government Trust. The conference was very well attended with some 350 participants, of whom about 50 delivered papers. The purpose of the conference was to encourage and facilitate debate about the ethical basis for policy making. This includes, of course, the ethical principles that should inform our behaviour, whether as citizens, voters, policy analysts, or decision makers, as well as the normative considerations that should guide our choices over the substantive content of particular policies ? whether fiscal policy, health policy, or foreign policy.Availability: (1)

Redistribution or recognition? : a political-philosophical exchange /

by Fraser, Nancy | Honneth, Axel.

Publisher: London, U.K. Verso 2003Description: [ix], 276 p. ; 23 cm.Online Access: Link to publisher website Summary: A debate between two leading theorists on the relation of redistribution to recognition. “Recognition” has become a veritable keyword of our time, but its relation to “redistribution” remains undertheorized. This volume remedies the lacuna by staging a sustained debate between two philosophers, one North American, the other European, who hold different views of the matter. Highly attuned to contemporary politics, the exchange between Nancy Fraser and Axel Honneth constitutes a rigorous dialogue on moral philosophy, social theory, and the best way to conceptualize capitalist society.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
  (1 votes)
Responsibility /

by Hage, Ghassan (ed.) | Eckersley, Robyn (ed.).

Publisher: Carlton, Vic. Melbourne University Press 2012Description: x, 236 p. : ill.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index.Summary: The concept of responsibility permeates social life. While it has many meanings, they often centre around questions of practical and moral accountability, culpability and liability. One can learn a great deal about a social formation by looking at the way the meanings of responsibility are deployed within it, the way they vary from one social space to another, and the way they are often at the centre of a political struggle over how we define and apportion blame. The essays in this book do more than examine such processes. Each in its own way also invites the reader to push existing assumptions about what individual, political, ecological and corporate responsibility entails.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Southern theory : the global dynamics of knowledge in social science /

by Connell, Raewyn.

Publisher: Crows Nest, N.S.W. Allen & Unwin 2007Description: xvi, 271 p. ; 23 cm.Summary: "In Southern theory Raewyn Connell presents the case for a new 'world social science' one that is inclusive of many voices by arguing for a more democratic global recognition of social theory from societies outside the dominant European and North American metropole. Intellectual production of the majority 'southern' world does in fact include theory, though its contribution is often marginalised and intellectually discredited by the metropole. Connell shows how social theory about the modern world from peripheral societies is equal in intellectual rigour and is often of greater political relevance to our changing world. Beginning with an examination of the hidden assumptions of modern general theory, Southern theory looks to the 'southern' social experience and the theories that have emerged from Australia, Indigenous peoples, Latin America, India, Africa, Islam and other post-colonial societies, as sources of important and vital contributions to world social science. These myriad theories offer valuable perspectives so crucial to the application of social theory in the contemporary world, having the power to transform the influence of the metropolitan hegemony on social thought by mutual regard and interaction. Southern theory is a major new work in social theory, drawing on anthropology, history, psychology, philosophy, economics and cultural studies, with wide-ranging implications for the social sciences in the 21st century. "--Publisher.Availability: No items available Checked out (1).

The Cranlana Programme. /

by The Cranlana Programme.

Publisher: 08/31/2004 15:31:02http://www.cranlana.org.au/main.asp?PageId=136 2004Notes: Description based on contents viewed : 08/31/2004 Mode of access : WORLD WIDE WEB ONLINE RESOURCESummary: The Cranlana Programme offers people from all sectors of Australian society the opportunity to participate in a unique programme of seminars directed at enhancing their understanding of the philosophical, ethical and social issues central to creating a just, prosperous and sustainable society in Australia and to securing Australia s place in the world.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Transforming unjust structures : the capability approach. /

by Deneulin, Severine (ed.) | Nebel, Mathias (ed.) | Sagovsky, Nicholas (ed.).

Publisher: Dordrecht, The Netherlands Springer 2006Description: 200 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: Introduction. Transforming unjust structures : the capability approach / Severine Deneulin, Mathias Nebel and Nicholas Sagovsky -- Part I The capability approach : theoretical discussion. Chapter 1 Capabilities and rights / Paul Ricoeur -- Chapter 2. "Necessary thickening" : Ricoeur's ethic of justice as a complement to Sen's capability approach / Severine Deneulin -- Chapter 3. Structural injustice and democratic practice : the trajectory in Sen's writings / Sabina Alkire -- Chapter 4. "Capable individuals" and just institutions : Sen and Rawls / Nicholas Sagovsky -- Chapter 5. Justice for women : Martha Nussbaum and Catholic social justice teaching / Lisa Sowle Cahill -- Part II Transforming unjust structures : five case studies. Chapter 6. Narrative capability : telling stories in the search for justice / Teresa Godwin Phelps -- Chapter 7. Promoting capability for work : the role of local actors / Jean-Michel Bonvin and Nicholas Farvaque -- Chapter 8. Enhancing students' capabilities? : UK higher education and the widening participation agenda / Michael Watts and David Bridges -- Chapter 9. Enter the poor : American welfare reform, solidarity the capability of human flourishing / Vincent D. Rougeau -- Chapter 10. "Patent injustice" : applying Sen's capability approach to biotechnologies / Julie Clague.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Understanding ethics. /

by Preston, Noel.

Publisher: Annandale, N.S.W. Federation Press 1996Description: 219 p. ; 22 cm.Notes: Includes index.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Up the down escalator : why the global pessimists are wrong. /

by Leadbeater, Charles.

Publisher: London, U.K. Viking / Penguin Books 2002Description: x, 371 p.Notes: Bibliography: p. 363-371Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

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