Brotherhood of St Laurence

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A climate of suffering : the real costs of living with inaction on climate change : Mental health and community wellbeing in the wake of extreme weather /

by Climate Institute.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Climate Institute 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography : p. 27-28Summary: This report addresses a big gap in the current public debate about climate change and how we should respond to it. There has been much legitimate concern about economic consequences and the risks to property, jobs and export earnings, but there has been a failure to discuss the consequences of climate change for human wellbeing and health. This report will help us understand the 'human face' of climate change; that is, what it means for us, for our sense of security and that of our friends, our families and our neighbours. This great and complex human induced disruption to the global environment is not just 'somewhere out there'. Increasingly, climate change will weaken the environmental and social conditions that underpin our physical and psychological health.Availability: (1)

Behind the switch : pricing Ontario electricity options /

by Weis, Tim | Pembina Institute | Partington, P.J.

Publisher: Drayton Valley, Alberta Pembina Institute 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: July 2011 Bibliography : p. 51-56 Appendices pp. 45-50Summary: This report examines how scaling back Ontario's plans to develop renewable energy would affect electricity prices, using an integrated energy system simulator to compare two main scenarios. The first scenario is based on Ontario's current Long-Term Energy Plan, in which a large part of new electricity generation comes from additional renewable capacity supported under the Green Energy Act; the second scenario tests the effect of eliminating the Act and largely expanding natural gas in place of future renewable resources. Behind the switch: pricing Ontario electricity options finds that Ontario consumers would see virtually no relief from high electricity prices if the province cancelled its support for renewable energy under the Green Energy Act. In fact, the study indicates that investing in renewable energy today is likely to save Ontario ratepayers money within the next 15 years, as natural gas becomes more expensive and as the cost of renewable energy technology continues to decrease.Availability: (1)

Climate change : the case for action /

by Styles, Julie | Australia. Department of Parliamentary Services. arliamentary Library.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Commonwealth of Australia 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2009Summary: Scientific evidence demonstrates unequivocally that the climate is changing. Furthermore, the overwhelming weight of evidence suggests that most of this change is very likely due to human influences on the climate system. The likely consequences of unmitigated climate change present serious risks to our environment and consequently to our socioeconomic productivity, security, and health. These risks can be reduced to manageable levels with mitigation action.Availability: (1)

Climate change, employment and local development, Sydney, Australia : a report by the Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) /

by Miranda, Gabriela | Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ocal Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme.

Publisher: Geneva, Switzerland Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2011Description: PDF.Notes: Bibliography : p. 124-132 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: This report presents the analysis and key findings of the project on Climate Change, Employment and Local Development in Sydney, Australia, carried out by the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme. Sydney and its main organisations are undergoing an important transformation in terms of the approach to human capital development, growth and job creation, and integrating the sustainability component into the greater metropolitan Sydney strategy and actions. Sydney is leading a wave of transformation in the country and has some state-of-the-art initiatives that are examples to other OECD regions. However, a challenge remains with respect to the governance of the system and the adjustment of programmes to the new needs of a low-carbon economy. This report analyses the challenges and opportunities of Sydney in this context, and provides some policy recommendations on how the public authorities and other key agencies could best support the emergence of a green economy - making the best use of the skills available while creating wealth and growth.Availability: No items available

Climate change, justice and vulnerability /

by Lindley, Sarah | Joseph Rowntree Foundation | O'Neill, John | Kandeh, Joseph.

Publisher: York, U.K. Joseph Rowntree Foundation 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: November 2011 Bibliography pp. 113-119 Appendices pp. 120-176Summary: Climate change will increase the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events such as floods and heatwaves in the UK. This project is concerned with justice in the distribution of the effects of these events on well-being. The effects of extreme weather events will not be distributed evenly. How badly a person or group will be affected will depend not just on their exposure to the event, but on their vulnerability - that is, how well they are able to cope with and respond to floods and heatwaves. Vulnerability is a matter of how events convert into losses in well-being.Availability: (1)

Climate effects of carbon taxes, taking into account possible other future climate measures /

by Habermacher, Florian | CESifo Group | Kirchg ssner, Gebhard.

Publisher: Munich, Germany CESifo Group 2011Description: PDF.Other title: CESifo working paper ; no. 3404.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: March 2011 Appendices pp. 21-33 Bibliography p. 33Summary: The increase of fuel extraction costs as well as of temperature will make it likely that in the medium-term future technological or political measures against global warming may be implemented. In assessments of a current climate policy the possibility of medium-term future developments like backstop technologies is largely neglected but can crucially affect its impact. Given such a future measure, a currently introduced carbon tax may more generally mitigate climate change than recent reflections along the line of the Green Paradox would suggest. Notably, the weak and the strong version of the Green Paradox, related to current and longer-term emissions, may not materialize. Moreover, the tax may allow the demanding countries to extract part of the resource rent, further increasing its desirability.Availability: (1)

Driving a green economy through public finance and fiscal policy reform : working paper /

by United Nations Environment Programme.

Publisher: Geneva, Switzerland United Nations Environment Programme 2010Description: PDF.Other title: Green economy working paper ; vol. 1.0.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography pp. 31-32Summary: A green economy (GE) can be defined as one that results in improved human well-being and social equity, while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities. A GE is characterized by substantially increased investments in economic sectors that build on and enhance the Earth's natural capital or reduce ecological scarcities and environmental risks. These sectors include renewable energy, low-carbon transport, energy-efficient buildings, clean technologies, improved waste management, improved freshwater provision, sustainable agriculture and forest management, and sustainable fisheries. These investments are driven or supported by national policy reforms and the development of international policy and market infrastructure.Availability: (1)

Fiscal costs of climate mitigation programmes in the UK : a challenge for social policy? /

by Marden, Sam | London School of Economics. Centre for Analysis of Social xclusion | Gough, Ian.

Publisher: London, U.K. London School of Economics. Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion. 2011Description: PDF.Other title: CASEreport ; no. 145.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2011 Bibliography pp. 29-30Summary: This paper asks whether the policies and programmes enacted to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK will compete with other goals of public policy, in particular social policy goals. The Climate Change Act 2008 has set the UK some of the most demanding targets in the world: to reduce GHG emissions (compared with 1990) by at least 80% by 2050 and by at least 34% by 2020 - just nine years away. A wide array of climate change mitigation policies (CCMPs) have been put in place to bring this about. Will these compete fiscally with the large public expenditures on the welfare state? We address this question by surveying and costing all UK government policies that have a climate change mitigation objective and which are expressed through taxation, government expenditures and government-mandated expenditures by energy suppliers and other businesses and which are directed toward the household sector. Our conclusion is that expenditures on CCMPs are tiny - around one quarter of one per cent of GDP - and will not rise significantly. Within this the share of direct spending by government will fall and that obligated on utility companies will rise. Green taxes are also planned to fall as a share of GDP. There is no evidence here of fiscal competition between the welfare state and the environmental state. However, the use of mandated electricity and gas markets will impose rising costs on the household sector, which will bear more heavily on lower income households and will increase "fuel poverty". Thus demands on traditional social policies are likely to rise. More radical policy reforms will be needed to integrate climate change and social policy goals.Availability: (1)

Framework and tools for assessing and understanding the green economy at the local level /

by Eberts, Randall W | Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ocal Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme.

Publisher: Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2011Summary: The transition to a green economy will imply many changes in the labour market locally and the local development systems. The impacts are still difficult to measure as definitions vary and policy uncertainties persist. The OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme is making an important contribution to these debates with its project on Climate Change, Employment and Local Development which is looking at the obstacles hindering green growth at the local level and the policy frameworks needed to ensure skills availability, economic activity and market opportunities in the green economy. This report makes a valuable contribution to the OECD LEED work on the transition to a green economy and its implications at the local level.Availability: (1)

Greening jobs and skills : labour market implications of addressing climate change /

by Martinez-Fernandez, Cristina | Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. ocal Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme | Hinojosa, Carlos | Miranda, Gabriela.

Publisher: Paris, France Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography : p. 43-47 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: This paper discusses some of the impacts of climate change including labour market regulation, the dynamics of green growth at the level of jobs and skills development, and the local implications for mitigation and enabling green growth. Although the paper does not provide all the answers to the green enigma (green jobs will come but how?), it argues that much benefit will come from focusing efforts on skills transformation, tools and initiatives.Availability: (1)

Human development report 2011. Sustainability and equity: a better future for all /

by Klugman, Jeni | United Nations Development Programme.

Publisher: New York, NY Palgrave Macmillan 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography pp. 105-118Summary: The 2011 Human Development Report argues that the urgent global challenges of sustainability and equity must be addressed together and identifies policies on the national and global level that could spur mutually reinforcing progress towards these interlinked goals. Bold action is needed on both fronts, the Report contends, if the recent human development progress for most of the world's poor majority is to be sustained, for the benefit of future generations as well as for those living today. Past Reports have shown that living standards in most countries have been rising - and converging - for several decades now. Yet the 2011 Report projects a disturbing reversal of those trends if environmental deterioration and social inequalities continue to intensify, with the least developed countries diverging downwards from global patterns of progress by 2050. The Report shows further how the world's most disadvantaged people suffer the most from environmental degradation, including in their immediate personal environment, and disproportionately lack political power, making it all the harder for the world community to reach agreement on needed global policy changes. The Report also outlines great potential for positive synergies in the quest for greater equality and sustainability, especially at the national level. The Report further emphasizes the human right to a healthy environment, the importance of integrating social equity into environmental policies, and the critical importance of public participation and official accountability. The 2011 Report concludes with a call for bold new approaches to global development financing and environmental controls, arguing that these measures are both essential and feasible.Availability: (1)

Impacts of changes to the design of the expanded renewable energy target : report to Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency /

by Gerardi, Walter | McLennan Magasanik Associates.

Publisher: South Melbourne, Vic. McLennan Magasanik Associates 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2010Summary: The Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency has engaged McLennan Magasanik Associates to conduct economic and electricity market modelling of the changes to the expanded Renewable Energy Target (RET) scheme announced on 26 February 2010 (known as the enhanced RET). The changes involve splitting the RET into a Large-scale Renewable Energy Target (LRET) and the Small-scale Renewable Energy Scheme (SRES).Availability: (1)

Improving the energy efficiency of homes in Moreland : research sample, baseline measures and recruitment for the Warm Home Cool Home program evaluation /

by Johnson, Victoria | Brotherhood of St Laurence | Sullivan Damian.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography : p. 23-24Summary: This report contains baseline data from a study to identify the social impacts within households of the Warm Home Cool Home program which offers energy audits and retrofits to low-income households in the City of Moreland in Melbourne's northern suburbs. This research was funded through Moreland Solar City, an Australian Government Solar Cities initiative led by the Moreland Energy Foundation, in partnership with Moreland City Council, the Brotherhood of St Laurence and Sustainability Victoria.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

International dimensions of climate change : final project report /

by Great Britain. Government Office for Science.

Publisher: London, U.K. The Government Office for Science 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: July 2011Summary: This Foresight Report has used available evidence and expert opinion to consider the effects of climate change that could occur outside of the UK, but which could give rise to threats and opportunities that need to be considered by UK policymakers. It complements other reports which have considered both the direct impact of climate change within UK borders and the consequences of various mitigation strategies for the UK. These assessments, however, do not consider the political, economic and social impacts on the UK from changes taking place elsewhere in the world. This Report aims to fill that gap. Climate change is expected to act as a 'risk multiplier', interacting with other trends. It is likely to make it even more difficult to address poverty, disease, and food and water insecurity. In particular, rising temperatures and changing patterns of precipitation may affect the availability of food (including crops and livestock) and water, leading to more hunger and increased volatility in food prices, and heightened regional tensions, affecting international stability and security. An increased frequency of extreme weather events may adversely affect human health, disrupt the flow of natural resources and commodities, and threaten global infrastructure for transport and energy. Moreover, the inherent uncertainty of these various impacts is likely to increase risks significantly in the business and financial sectors.Availability: (1)

Learning the hard way : Australian policies to reduce carbon emissions /

by Daley, John | Grattan Institute | Edis, Tristan | Reichl, Julian.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Grattan Institute 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Grattan Institute report ; no. 2011-2.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2011 Bibliography : p. 47-50Summary: This report reviews the record of past policies implemented by Federal and State Governments since 1997, when Australia signed (but did not ratify) the Kyoto Protocol and when an increasing number of policies to address global warming began to emerge. Because Federal and State Governments have tried more than 300 emission reduction policies and programs since 1997, we already have a great deal of information about which programs and approaches work and which do not.Availability: (1)

Long-term trend in global CO2 emissions : 2011 report /

by Olivier, Jos G.J | PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency | Janssens-Maenhout, Greet | Peters, Jeroen A.H.W | Wilson, Julian.

Publisher: The Hague, Netherlands PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Long-term trend in global carbon dioxide emissions.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: This paper discusses the method and results of a trend assessment of global CO2 emissions up to 2010 and updates the previous assessment of CO2 emissions up to and including 2009.Availability: (1)

Migration, labour demand, housing markets and the drought in regional Australia : a report to the Australian Institute of Family Studies /

by Hunter, Boyd | Australian Institute of Family Studies | Biddle, Nicholas.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Australian Institute of Family Studies 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Research Paper ; no. 49.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography : p. 24-25 Appendices : p. 26-32Summary: This report explore the interactions between local labour demand and short-term and long-term mobility or, more correctly, migration. Given that the definition of drought is contested, sensitivity analysis was conducted using independent regional data. Census data for Statistical Local Areas (SLAs) throughout Australia were used to capture mobility between 2001 and 2006. The major social and economic costs and benefits of migration identified in recent censuses are used to explain the changing patterns of mobility within and between rural and metropolitan areas. These results are interpreted by reference to the standard human capital model of migrationAvailability: (1)

New jobs - cleaner air : employment effects under planned changes to the EPA's air pollution rules /

by Heintz, James | University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Political Economy esearch Institute | Garrett-Peltier, Heidi | Zipperer, Ben.

Publisher: Boston, MA Ceres 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: February 2011 "A Ceres Report" Includes appendicesSummary: This report finds that investments driven by the EPA's two new air quality rules will create nearly 1.5 million jobs, or nearly 300,000 jobs a year on average over the next five years - and at a critical moment for a struggling economy. The end product will be an upgraded, cleaner American industry, along with good paying jobs and better health for the nation's most vulnerable citizens.Availability: (1)

New protectionism under carbon pricing : case studies of LNG, coal mining and steel sectors /

by Edis, Tristan | Grattan Institute | Wood, Tony.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Grattan Institute 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Grattan Institute report ; no. 2011-6.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: September 2011 Bibliography : p. 59-63Summary: The Federal Government has released a Clean Energy Plan and a draft of a Clean Energy Bill 2011 as part of its response to climate change. The plan provides assistance to Australia's emissions-intensive trade-exposed industries, which have argued that they should not pay a full price for their carbon pollution, or that taxpayers should pay them to reduce their emissions. There is a legitimate role for government to protect industries by exempting them from some of their carbon pollution costs, where there is a credible threat that this could result in production shifting overseas without any improvement in global emissions (known as carbon leakage). However exemptions must be tightly targeted, because they increases the cost borne by the rest of the community to achieve Australia?s emission reduction targets. This report scrutinises three industries prominent in their claims for exemptions and other assistance: black coal; liquefied natural gas (LNG); and steel. It finds that taking into account recent commodity prices and exchange rates, the level of protection in the draft legislation is unjustified and costly.Availability: (1)

On-ground assessment of the energy efficiency potential of Victorian homes. Report on pilot study /

by Maksay, Govind | Moreland Energy Foundation.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Sustainability Victoria 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: March 2010 Bibliography : p. 103 Prepared by Moreland Energy Foundation Limited for Sustainability VictoriaSummary: As a first step, in 2009 Sustainability Victoria commissioned the Moreland Energy Foundation Limited (MEFL) to undertake a pilot On-Ground Assessment Project based on 15 existing houses located in Melbourne. While such a small sample of houses cannot be representative of the whole of the Victorian housing stock, this initial study provides a useful insight into the current level of energy efficiency of the housing stock constructed prior to 1980, as well as the most cost-effective methods for achieving greenhouse abatement. While actual upgrades and improvements were not undertaken, modelling, using FirstRate5 was employed to determine the energy rating improvements and estimate the energy, greenhouse gas and financial savings that could be achieved by applying a range of building shell upgrades consisting of ceiling, floor and wall insulation, draught sealing, double glazing, drapes and pelmets, and external window blinds. An analysis of the existing fixed and non-fixed appliances was also undertaken to determine the potential impact of efficiency improvements.Availability: (1)

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