Brotherhood of St Laurence

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A decent provision : Australian welfare policy, 1870 to 1949 /

by Murphy, John.

Publisher: Farnham, Surrey, UK Ashgate Publishing Group 2011Description: 270 p. : ill.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index.Summary: A Decent Provision is a narrative history of how and why Australia built a distinctive welfare regime in the period from the 1870s to 1949. At the beginning of this period, the Australian colonies were belligerently insisting they must not have a Poor Law, yet had reproduced many of the systems of charitable provision in Britain. By the start of the twentieth century, a combination of extended suffrage, basic wage regulation and the aged pension had led to a reputation as a 'social laboratory'. And yet half a century later, Australia was a 'welfare laggard' and the Labor Party's welfare state of the mid-1940s was a relatively modest and parsimonious construction. Models of welfare based on social insurance had been vigorously rejected, and the Australian system continued on a path of highly residual, targeted welfare payments. The book explains this curious and halting trajectory, showing how choices made in earlier decades constrained what could be done, and what could be imagined. Based on extensive new research from a variety of primary sources it makes a significant contribution to general historical debates, as well as to the field of comparative social policy.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Aftermath : a new global economic order? /

by Calhoun, Craig J | Derluguian, Georgi M.

Publisher: New York New York University Press 2011Description: 296 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.Other title: Possible futures series ; v. 3.Notes: A co-publication with the Social Science Research Council. Includes bibliographical references and index Contents: A savage sorting of winners and losers, and beyond / Saskia Sassen -- The 2008 world financial crisis and the future of world development / Ha-Joon Chang -- Growth after the crisis / Dani Rodrik -- Structural causes and consequences of the 2008-2009 financial crisis / Jomo Kwame Sundaram and Felice Noelle Rodriguez -- Bridging the gap : a new world economic order for development? / Manuel Montes and Vladimir Popov -- Chinese political economy and the international economy : linking global, regional, and domestic possibilities / R. Bin Wong -- The global financial crisis and Africa's "immiserizing wealth" / Alexis Habiyaremye and Luc Soete -- Central and Eastern Europe : shapes of transformation, crisis, and the possible futures / Piotr Dutkewicz and Grzegorz Gorzelak -- The post-Soviet recoil to periphery / Georgi Derluguian -- The great crisis and the financial sector : what we might have learned / James K. GalbraithAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

An end to poverty? : a historical debate. /

by Jones, Gareth Stedman.

Publisher: London, U.K. Profile Books 2004Description: ix, 278 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Australian welfare : historical sociology /

by Kennedy, Richard (Ed.).

Publisher: South Melbourne Macmillan 1989Description: xiii, 454 p.; ill.Notes: Includes bibliographies and index; Includes tables.Summary: References to Aboriginal labour, land rights, poverty, welfare, social inequality; racism; chapters by G. Briscoe, P. Khoury annotated separately.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Business as usual : the roots of the global financial meltdown /

by Calhoun, Craig J | Derluguian, Georgi M.

Publisher: New York New York University Press 2011Description: 312 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.Other title: Possible futures series ; v. 1.Notes: A joint publication of the Social Science Research Council and New York University Press. Includes bibliographical references and index Contents: Machine generated contents note: 1.The End of the Long Twentieth Century / Giovanni Arrighi -- 2.Dynamics of (Unresolved) Global Crisis / Immanuel Wallerstein -- 3.The Enigma of Capital and the Crisis This Time / David Harvey -- 4.A Turning Point or Business as Usual? / Daniel Chirot -- 5.Marketization, Social Protection, Emancipation: Toward a Neo-Polanyian Conception of Capitalist Crisis / Nancy Fraser -- 6.Crisis, Underconsumption, and Social Policy / Caglar Keyder -- 7.The Crisis of Global Capitalism: Toward a New Economic Culture? / Manuel Castells -- 8.The Convolution of Capitalism / Gopal Balakrishnan -- 9.The Future in Question: History and Utopia in Latin America (1989-2010) / Fernando CoronilSummary: Situates the current crisis in the historical trajectory of the capitalist world-system, showing how the crisis was made possible not only by neoliberal financial reforms but by a massive turn away from manufacturing things of value towards seeking profit from financial exchange and credit. Much more basic than the result of a few financial traders cheating the system, this is a potential historical turning point. In original essays, the contributors establish why the system was ripe for crisis of the past, and yet why this meltdown was different. The volume concludes by asking whether as deep as the crisis is, it may contain seeds of a new global economy, what role the US will play, and whether China or other countries will rise to global leadership. The Possible Futures Series gathers together the great minds of social science to address the significance of the global economic crisis in a series of short, accessible books. Each volume takes on the past, present and future of this crisis, suggesting that the crisis has an informative history, that the consequences could be much more basic than stock declines, and that only fundamental changes - not fiscal band aids - can hold off future repetitions.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Capitalist revolutionary : John Maynard Keynes /

by Backhouse, Roger E | Bateman, Bradley W.

Publisher: Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press 2011Description: 197 p. ; 22 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index.Summary: "The Great Recession of 2008 restored John Maynard Keynes to prominence. After decades when the Keynesian revolution seemed to have been forgotten, the great British theorist was suddenly everywhere. The New York Times asked, "What would Keynes have done?" The Financial Times wrote of "the undeniable shift to Keynes." Le Monde pronounced the economic collapse Keynes's "revenge." Two years later, following bank bailouts and Tea Party fundamentalism, Keynesian principles once again seemed misguided or irrelevant to a public focused on ballooning budget deficits. In this readable account, Backhouse and Bateman elaborate the misinformation and caricature that have led to Keynes's repeated resurrection and interment since his death in 1946. Keynes's engagement with social and moral philosophy and his membership in the Bloomsbury Group of artists and writers helped to shape his manner of theorizing. Though trained as a mathematician, he designed models based on how specific kinds of people (such as investors and consumers) actually behave -- an approach that runs counter to the idealized agents favored by economists at the end of the century. Keynes wanted to create a revolution in the way the world thought about economic problems, but he was more open-minded about capitalism than is commonly believed. He saw capitalism as essential to a society's well-being but also morally flawed, and he sought a corrective for its main defect: the failure to stabilize investment. Keynes's nuanced views, the authors suggest, offer an alternative to the polarized rhetoric often evoked by the word "capitalism" in today's political debates."--From the dust-jacket front flap. ; Contents: Keynes returns, but which Keynes? -- The rise and fall of Keynesian economics -- Keynes the moral philosopher: confronting the challenges to capitalism -- Keynes the physician: developing a theory of a capitalist economy -- Keynes's ambiguous revolution -- Perpetual revolutionAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Cross-country studies of unemployment in Australia /

by Borland, Jeff | University of Melbourne. Melbourne Institute of Applied conomic and Social Research | McDonald, Ian.

Publisher: Parkville, Vic. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research 2000Description: 18 p.Online Access: Electronic copy Availability: (1)

Dustman, milliner and watchcase maker : skilling Australia /

by Beddie, Francesca | National Centre for Vocational Education Research.

Publisher: Adelaide, S.A. National Centre for Vocational Education Research 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: This paper was presented at the Professional Historians Association (NSW) Islands of History conference held on Norfolk Island in July 2010. It argues that the reliance on overseas workers to address skills shortages has been present ever since the first white settlement of Australia and suggests some areas for primary historical research. (NCVER summary)Availability: (1)

Economic class and the distribution of income : a time-series analysis of the UK economy, 1955-2010 /

by Cuestats, Juan Carlos | University of Sheffield. Department of Economics | Philp, Bruse.

Publisher: Sheffield, U.K. University of Sheffield. Department of Economics 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Sheffield Economic Research paper series ; no. 2011012.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2011 Includes Bibliography and appendix INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: This paper contributes to our understanding of the determinants and dynamics of a Marxian surplus-value rate using quarterly UK data, 1955-2010, and the Johansen (1988, 1991) cointegration and vector error correction model (VECM). A conceptual model is introduced to define surplus-value and its component parts, before elaborating on theoretical issues which are important in estimating the rate. In the empirical analysis we seek to explain distributive conflict, paying attention to three forces which are traditionally seen as drivers of power in distributional struggle: (i) political party; (ii) the size of the 'reserve army' of the unemployed; (iii) working class militancy. Our results suggest a positive impact of unemployment on the rate of surplus-value, and that falling working class militancy tends to raise the rate. Political party also affects the rate of surplus-value with a negative impact on the rate emanating from movement to left-wing government. This analysis demonstrates the ongoing relevance of Marxian economics in providing an alternative, robust and significant explanation of distribution in the post-war UK economy.Availability: (1)

Karl Polyani: The limits of the market /

by Dale, Gareth.

Publisher: Cambridge ; Malden, MA Polity Press 2010Description: viii, 309 p.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index.Summary: This book is the first comprehensive introduction to Polanyi's ideas and legacy. It assesses not only the texts for which he is famous -- prepared during his spells in American academia -- but also his journalistic articles written in his first exile in Vienna, and lectures and pamphlets from his second exile, in Britain. It provides a detailed critical analysis of The Great Transformation, but also surveys Polanyi's seminal writings in economic anthropology, the economic history of ancient and archaic societies, and political and economic theory. Its primary source base includes interviews with Polanyi's daughter, Kari Polanyi-Levitt, as well as the entire compass of his own published and unpublished writings in English and German.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Keynes and the contemporary predicament. /

by Sheehan, P. J.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Centre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University of Technology 1995Description: 21 p. ; 22 cm.Notes: March 1995Availability: No items available

Markets /

by Aspers, Patrik.

Publisher: Cambridge, U.K. Polity Press 2011Description: xiii, 202 p. : ill.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. 180-198) and index.Summary: Our lives have gradually become dominated by markets. They are not only at the heart of capitalistic economies all over the world, but also central in public debates. This insightful book brings together existing knowledge on markets from sociology, economics and anthropology, and systematically investigates the different forms of markets we encounter daily in our social lives. Aspers starts by defining what a market actually is, analyzing its essential elements as well as its necessary preconditions and varied consequences. An important theme in the book is that a whole host of markets are embedded within one other and in social life at large, and Aspers discusses these in the context of other forms of economic coordination, such as networks and organizations. Combining theory with empirical examples, the book cuts to the core of understanding how different markets function, the role they have played in history, and how they come into being. This accessible and theoretically rich book will be essential reading for upper-level students seeking to make sense of markets and their complex role in social life.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Poverty, social exclusion and neighbourhood : studying the area bases of social exclusion. /

by Glennerster, Howard | Lupton, Ruth | Noden, Philip | Power, Anne.

Publisher: London, U.K.Website : http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/Case/22 1999Description: 45 leaves.Online Access: Electronic copy Availability: (1)

Surplus fetish : the political economy of the surplus, deficit and debt /

by Richardson, David | The Australia Institute.

Publisher: Manuka, A.C.T. The Australian Institute 2011Description: PDF.Other title: The Australian Institude policy brief ; no. 26.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2011Summary: The federal budget presents a complex management puzzle that all governments have to address and explain to the electorate. Sometimes concepts are borrowed from the corporate sector and sometimes analogies are made with the household sector; the Howard Government, in particular, imported numerous corporate accounting concepts. But often these concepts are applied uncritically and inappropriately. By way of discussing the budget balance 'surpluses, deficits and the debt outcome' this paper addresses some of those inappropriate usages and their consequences.Availability: (1)

The end of poverty : how we can make it happen in our lifetime. /

by Sachs, Jeffrey D.

Publisher: London, U.K. Penguin 2005Description: xiii, 396 p. [16] plates : ill. (some col.), col. maps.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and index.Summary: Economist Jeffrey Sachs sets out how the current generation can make a real difference for the one-fifth of humanity who still live in extreme poverty, how they can partner with wealthy counterparts to escape the poverty trap, how little it will cost, and how everyone can. He draws on his experiences of meeting world leaders and travelling across the globe to discuss contemporary challenges of economic development and environment, of health and military expenditure. As he explains (and Bono underlines in the foreword), the book is not a forecast of what will happen, but rather a reasoned presentation of what can happen, if only people have the will to take action to end global poverty.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

The great austerity war : what caused the US deficit crisis and who should pay to fix It? /

by Crotty, James | University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Political Economy esearch Institute.

Edition: rev. ed.Publisher: Amherst, Mass. Political Economy Research Institute (PERI), University of Massachusetts-Amherst 2011Description: PDF.Other title: University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Political Economy.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: First Draft: June 2011 Revised: December 2011Summary: Rapidly rising deficits at both the federal and state and local government levels, along with prospective long-term financing problems in the Social Security and Medicare programs, have triggered a one-sided austerity-focused class war in the US and around the globe. A coalition of the richest and most economically powerful segments of society, conservative politicians who represent their interests, and right-wing populist groups like the Tea Party has demanded that deficits be eliminated by severe cuts at all levels of government in spending that either supports the poor and the middle class or funds crucial public investment. It also demands tax cuts for the rich and for business. These demands constitute a deliberate attempt to destroy the New Deal project, begun in the 1930s, whose goal was to subject capitalism to democratic control. In this paper I argue that our deficit crisis is the result of a shift from the New-Deal-based economic model of the early post-war period to today's neoliberal, free-market model. The new model has generated slow growth, rising inequality and rising deficits. Rising deficits in turn created demands for austerity. After tracing the long-term evolution of our current deficit crisis, I show ; that this crisis should be resolved primarily by raising taxes on upper-income households and large corporations, cutting war spending, and adopting a Canadian or European style health care system. Calls for massive government spending cuts should be seen as what they are - an attack by the rich and powerful against the basic interests of the American people.Availability: (1)

The great transformation : the political and economic origins of our time. /

by Polanyi, Karl.

Edition: 2nd ed.Publisher: Boston, MA Beacon Press 2001Description: xxxli, 317 p.Notes: Foreword by Joseph E Stiglitz ; with a new introd. by Fred Block. Originally published: New York : Farrar & Rinehart, 1944 and reprinted in 1957 by Beacon in Boston. Includes bibliographical references and index.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

The wealth and poverty of nations : why some are so rich and some so poor. /

by Landes, David S.

Publisher: New York, NY W.W. Norton 1998Description: xxi, 650 p. : maps ; 25 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references and indexAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Why nations fail : the origins of power, prosperity, and poverty /

by Acemoglu, Daron | Robinson, James.

Publisher: New York, NY Crown Business 2012Description: 529 p. : ill., map ; 25 cm.Notes: Includes bibliographical references (p. [465]-509) and index.Summary: Based on fifteen years of original research Acemoglu and Robinson marshall extraordinary historical evidence from the Roman Empire, the Mayan city-states, medieval Venice, the Soviet Union, Latin America, England, Europe, the United States, and Africa to build a new theory of political economy with great relevance for the big questions of today, including: China has built an authoritarian growth machine. Will it continue to grow at such high speed and overwhelm the West? Are America's best days behind it? Are we moving from a virtuous circle in which efforts by elites to aggrandize power are resisted to a vicious one that enriches and empowers a small minority? What is the most effective way to help move billions of people from the rut of poverty to prosperity? More philanthropy from the wealthy nations of the West? Or learning the hard-won lessons of Acemoglu and Robinson's breakthrough ideas on the interplay between inclusive political and economic institutions - Why Nations Fail will change the way you look at and understand the world. ; Contents: Why Egyptians filled Tahrir Square to bring down Hosni Mubarak and what it means for our understanding of the causes of prosperity and poverty -- 1.So Close and Yet So Different -- Nogales, Arizona, and Nogales, Sonora, have the same people, culture, and geography. Why is one rich and one poor? -- 2.Theories That Don't Work -- Poor countries are poor not because of their geographies or cultures, or because their leaders do not know which policies will enrich their citizens -- 3.The Making of Prosperity and Poverty -- How prosperity and poverty are determined by the incentives created by institutions, and how politics determines what institutions a nation has -- 4.Small Differences and Critical Junctures: The Weight of History -- How institutions change through political conflict and how the past shapes the present -- 5."I've Seen the Future, and It Works": Growth Under Extractive Institutions - What Stalin, King Shyaam, the Neolithic Revolution, and the Maya city-states all had in common and how this explains why China's current economic growth cannot last -- 6.Drifting Apart -- How institutions evolve over time, often slowly drifting apart -- 7.The Turning Point -- How a political revolution in 1688 changed institutions in England and led to the Industrial Revolution -- 8.Not on Our Turf: Barriers to Development -- Why the politically powerful in many nations opposed the Industrial Revolution -- 9.Reversing Development -- How European colonialism impoverished large parts of the world -- 10.The Diffusion of Prosperity -- How some parts of the world took different paths to prosperity from that of Britain -- 11.The Virtuous Circle -- How institutions that encourage prosperity create positive feedback loops that prevent the efforts by elites to undermine them -- 12.The Vicious Circle -- How institutions that create poverty generate negative feedback loops and endure -- 13.Why Nations Fail Today -- Institutions, institutions, institutions -- 14.Breaking the Mold -- How a few countries changed their economic trajectory by changing their institutions -- 15.Understanding Prosperity and Poverty -- How the world could have been different and how understanding this can explain why most attempts to combat poverty have failed.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

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