Brotherhood of St Laurence

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A national Emissions Trading Scheme and low income households : discussion paper prepared for the Brotherhood of St Laurence roundtable, 11 April 2008 /

by Sherrard, Justin | Tate, Alan.

Publisher: Cambiar 2008Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: April 2008Summary: The introduction of an Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) is a major plank of the Government's climate change mitigation policy. By putting a price on carbon across the economy, an ETS engages business on the need to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through innovation, and the power of the market delivers abatement at lowest cost. Consumers end up paying for the introduction of emissions trading as business passes the cost of carbon along its supply chains. Consumers pay for their direct use of carbon, in the form of higher electricity, gas and fuel bills, and for their indirect use of carbon. Indirect use is the electricity, gas and fuel embodied in the full range of goods and services that households buy. It includes, for example, a carbon cost of food, made up of a carbon cost of growing or producing food, transporting food to market, processing and packaging, distribution, and retail sale. Research for the Brotherhood of St Laurence found that about one half of the cost of carbon for Victorian households comes from their direct use of electricity, gas and petrol, with the other half coming from the indirect cost of carbon.Availability: (1)
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Achieving carbon pollution reduction and a switch to clean energy with carbon pollution pricing, limits and supporting policies : discussion paper /

by Climate Institute.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. Climate Institute 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: June 2011Summary: This discussion paper focuses on pollution pricing mechanisms and an approach to setting scheme caps and targets. It comes on the back of recent proposals from Professor Garnaut, ill informed comments from the Coalition on robust governance structures and the release of an economists letter calling for effective pollution pricing.Availability: (1)

Assessing the costs of adaptation to climate change : a review of the UNFCCC and other recent estimates /

by Parry, Martin | International Institute for Environment and Development | Arnell, Nigel | Berry, Pam | Dodman, David.

Publisher: London, U.K. International Institute for Environment and Development 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: This book takes another look at the costs of adapting to climate change. The estimates for 2030 used by the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change are likely to be substantial under-estimates. Professor Martin Parry and his co-authors look at the estimates from a range of perspectives, and conclude that: the current cost assessments do not include some key sectors, such as ecosystems, energy, manufacturing, retailing, and tourism some of the sectors included have been only partially covered in cost estimates the additional costs of adaptation have sometimes been calculated as 'climate mark-ups' against low levels of assumed investment. In some parts of the world, low levels of investment have led to an adaptation deficit, and this deficit will need to be made good by full funding of development, without which the funding for adaptation will be insufficient. Residual damages also need to be evaluated and reported because not all damages from climate change can be avoided. There is an urgent need for more detailed assessments of these costs, including case studies of costs of adaptation in specific places and sectors. This report aims to demonstrate the need for the further and transparent refinement of cost estimates for responding to climate change.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Assessing the effects of using a share of carbon price revenues for targeted tax reform : a report to the Garnaut Review 2011 update /

by Hatfield-Dodds, Steve | CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. CSIRO Energy Transformed Flagship 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2011 Bibliography pp. 27-28Summary: This paper was commissioned by the Garnaut Review Update 2011 to analyse the extent to which using some portion of the carbon revenues raised could boost employment and economic activity (relative to other options for the use of carbon price revenues) through addressing existing high effective marginal tax rates and related disincentives. The paper draws on analysis undertaken in 2007, before the development of the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme, and applies these insights to key results from the Australian Government modelling (2008) undertaken by Treasury.Availability: (1)

Building a low carbon economy : implementing the Climate Change Act 2008. /

by HM Treasury.

Publisher: London, U.K. HM Treasury 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: The Climate Change Act 2008 creates a new approach to managing and responding to climate change in the UK. At the heart of the Act is a legally binding target to reduce the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions to at least 80 per cent below 1990 levels by 2050, to be achieved through action at home and abroad. To drive progress towards this target, the Act introduces five year “carbon budgets”, which define the emissions pathway to the 2050 target by limiting the total greenhouse gas emissions allowed in each five year period, beginning in 2008. ; The first three carbon budgets - for 2008-12, 2013-17, and 2018-22 - must be set by 1 June. In setting them, the Government must take into account the advice of the independent Committee on Climate Change (CCC) established under the Act to advise the Government on setting carbon budgets and to report to Parliament on the progress made in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The CCC published its first report on 1 December 2008. Budget 2009 and this document provide the Government’s high-level response to that advice.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Building the bridge : a practical plan for a low-cost, low-emissions energy future /

by Wood, Tony | Grattan Institute.

Publisher: Carlton, Vic. Grattan Institute 2012Description: PDF.Other title: Grattan Institute report ; no. 2012-6.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: July 2012 Bibliography : p. 59-62Summary: The carbon price is a vital step in creating a low-emissions future for Australia, but it needs further support. Investors are still struggling to overcome the risks surrounding low-emissions technologies and to get projects running at large scale and low cost. Grattan's report seeks to enable them to cross the bridge to commercial viability. It proposes that government enter into long-term contracts with project developers to provide electricity at a price that makes the most efficient technologies viable. Government awards the contracts through a series of six-monthly auctions, held over 10 years. Developers bid to provide low-emissions electricity and the lowest bids succeed. The goal is to get projects started at the lowest possible price. Once projects are running, the experience developers gain will enable them to produce electricity at low-cost and support can be withdrawn. It is a practical solution to an extremely difficult problem.Availability: (1)

Carbon emission policies in key economies /

by Australia. Productivity Commission.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Australia. Productivity Commission 2011Description: xli, 231 p. : ill.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2011 Bibliography : p. 197-231Summary: The Australian Government commissioned this report to help it, and the Multi-Party Climate Change Committee, assess the extent to which key economies are taking action to address climate change. It provides a stocktake of the large number of policy measures in the electricity generation and road transport sectors of the countries studied. And it provides estimates of the burdens associated with these policies in each country and the abatement achieved. While the results are based on a robust methodology, data limitations have meant that some estimates could only be indicative.Availability: (1)

Carbon pricing and reducing Australia's emissions /

by Garnaut, Ross | Garnaut Climate Change Review.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Commonwealth of Australia 2011Description: PDF.Other title: Garnaut Climate Change Review update paper ; no. 6, 2011.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Bibliography : p. 41-44Summary: It is in our national interest for Australia to play its proportionate part in the world meeting what is now a goal that has been agreed by the international community: reducing global emissions to an extent that holds temperature increases to below 2 C. Australia has more to lose than any other developed country if this goal is not achieved.Availability: (1)

CLEAR economics : state-level impacts of the Carbon Limits and Energy for America's Renewal Act on family incomes and jobs /

by Boyce, James K | University of Massachusetts-Amherst. Political Economy esearch Institute | Riddle, Matthew E.

Publisher: Amherst, Mass. Political Economy Research Institute (PERI), University of Massachusetts-Amherst 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: March 2010 Bibliography : p. 14Summary: This study examines the economic impacts of the Carbon Limits and Energy for America's Renewal(CLEAR) Act, focusing on household incomes and job creation across the statesAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Climate effects of carbon taxes, taking into account possible other future climate measures /

by Habermacher, Florian | CESifo Group | Kirchg ssner, Gebhard.

Publisher: Munich, Germany CESifo Group 2011Description: PDF.Other title: CESifo working paper ; no. 3404.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: March 2011 Appendices pp. 21-33 Bibliography p. 33Summary: The increase of fuel extraction costs as well as of temperature will make it likely that in the medium-term future technological or political measures against global warming may be implemented. In assessments of a current climate policy the possibility of medium-term future developments like backstop technologies is largely neglected but can crucially affect its impact. Given such a future measure, a currently introduced carbon tax may more generally mitigate climate change than recent reflections along the line of the Green Paradox would suggest. Notably, the weak and the strong version of the Green Paradox, related to current and longer-term emissions, may not materialize. Moreover, the tax may allow the demanding countries to extract part of the resource rent, further increasing its desirability.Availability: (1)

ClimateWorks Australia [Website]

by ClimateWorks Australia.

Publisher: Clayton, Vic. ClimateWorks Australia 2010Description: Website.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: WebsiteSummary: ClimateWorks Australia is a non-profit collaboration hosted by Monash University in partnership with The Myer Foundation that will provide practical solutions dedicated to a sustainable and prosperous low carbon society. ClimateWorks Australia will develop projects that deliver substantive and lasting reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in the fastest and most cost effective way. These will be targeted interventions that drive behavioural and structural change.Availability: (1)

Constraining resource use fairly : a welfare sector perspective on the carbon tax proposal /

by Siemon, Don | Brotherhood of St Laurence.

Publisher: Fitzroy, Vic. Brotherhood of St Laurence 1995Description: 16 p.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Paper presented at Equity and the Environment seminar organised by Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, ANU, Canberra on 13 Jul. 1995 July 1995 2 copiesAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).
Items available for reference: BSL Archives (1).

Deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions : economic, social and environmental impacts for Australia. /

by Allen Consulting Group.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. The Allen Consulting Group 2006Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Don't wait for Copenhagen : implications of the international climate change impasse for Australia and APEC /

by Howes, Stephen | Asialink.

Publisher: Parkville, Vic. University of Melbourne 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: Stephen Howes, ANU Professor of Economics and key contributor to the Garnaut Climate Change Review, says an effective response to climate change requires a mix of unilateral and multilateral action - and individual countries must demonstrate good faith. Just as APEC has promoted unilateral trade liberalisation, it should encourage its member countries to compete with each other to reduce emissions and develop new technologies. Waiting for Copenhagen would do nothing to discourage free-riding countries.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Emission reduction policies and carbon prices in key economies : working paper /

by Australia. Productivity Commission.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Australia. Productivity Commission 2011Description: 31 p. : ill.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: March 2011 Bibliography : p. 28-29Summary: Outlines the Commission's approach to a range of methodological issues associated with the study of emissions-reduction policies in key economies.Availability: (1)

Energy affordability, living standards and emissions trading : assessing the social impacts of achieving deep cuts in Australian greenhouse emissions. Report to The Climate Institute /

by Hatfield-Dodds, Steve | CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems | Denniss, Richard.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems 2008Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: June 2008 Bibliography : p. 37-38Summary: This report was commissioned by The Climate Institute to explore the potential social impacts of achieving deep cuts in Australian greenhouse gas emissions through the introduction of emissions trading.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Energy and transport subsidies in Australia : 2007 update : final report. /

by Riedy, Chris.

Publisher: Ultimo, N.S.W. University of Technology Sydney. Institute for Sustainable Futures 2007Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Energy shock : confronting higher prices /

by Australian Industry Group.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. Australian Industry Group 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: February 2011Summary: This report on energy prices from the Australian Industry Group highlights the urgency of a political consensus on Australia's clean energy future, including a price on carbon and greater energy efficiency, but also adequate safeguards to prevent low-income households plunging further into poverty, according to the Australian Council of Social ServiceAvailability: (1)

Equity and efficiency in cap and trade : effectively managing the emissions allowance supply /

by Morris, Adele | Energy Security Initiative at Brookings.

Publisher: Washington, DC Brookings Institution 2009Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: This 32-page paper discusses the likely distributional implications of a U.S. cap-and-trade system and how policymakers could manage these implications by altering the way in which allowances or allowance revenues are distributed throughout the broader economyAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Europe's next economy : the benefits of and barriers to the low-carbon transition /

by Straw, Will | Nash, David | Balfour, Reuben.

Publisher: London, U.K. Institute for Public Policy Research 2012Description: PDF, 43 p.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2012Summary: This report examines the competing views of the transition to a low-carbon economy of businesses across Europe. With partner thinktanks in France, Germany, Spain and Poland, we brought together businesses and industry associations in four roundtable discussions. Businesses in each country were characterised by their own domestic concerns. In France, much of the debate centred on the presidential election, the economic crisis, protectionism and energy supply. In Germany, the debate focused on the uncertainty brought on by the German government's decision to cease nuclear production, which has caused concern around rising energy prices. In Spain, discussions focused on the eurozone crisis and Spain's austerity measures, which appeared to hamper climate change policy. In Poland, much of the debate focused on Poland's reliance on coal as a source of energy making reducing emissions in Poland economically and politically difficult. However, our findings show that even with these national differences in mind, the debates about climate change and the level of the EU's ambition are similar throughout the continent. Indeed, in every country there is a dichotomy of businesses set to benefit from the low-carbon transition and those that believe they will lose out.Availability: (1)

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