Brotherhood of St Laurence

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Juggling work, home and learning in low-paid occupations : a qualitative study /

by Pocock, Barbara | University of South Australia. Centre for Work and Life | Elton, Jude | Green, Deborah | Pritchard, Suzanne.

Publisher: Adelaide, S.A. National Centre for Vocational Education Research 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: Appendices pp. 55-61Summary: This report looks at what factors influence the participation of low-skilled and low-paid workers in vocational education and training. Information comes from students, employers, employees and providers in the retail, food-processing and non-residential aged care sectors across four Australian states. It finds that although barriers to training do include lack of money and time to study, many of the challenges related to integrating work, home life, community interests and study. The main driver of training is the need to gain or retain a job, and the costs of participation are high as far as time, money and effort goes. For low-paid workers the financial rewards for training are low.Availability: (1)

The occupations and earnings of young Australians : the role of education and training /

by Marks, Gary N | Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth.

Publisher: Camberwell, Vic. Australian Council for Educational Research 2008Description: PDF.Notes: SCHOOL TO WORKSummary: "Social background plays only a small role in accounting for differences in occupational status and earnings at age 24, indicating that education is enhancing social mobility, according to this report. ; However, not all forms of post-secondary education and training are equally beneficial. In terms of earnings, a bachelor degree had the largest impact, increasing earnings by about 31 per cent on average. Apprenticeships increased earnings by about 23 per cent, a TAFE diploma increased earnings by about 14 per cent, and a university diploma by about 17 per cent. Completing a traineeship increased earnings by about 8 per cent and a TAFE certificate by about 5 per cent. ; Generally, young women had slightly higher levels of occupational status than did young men, but even during their early career weekly earnings were about 20 per cent less. Possible reasons for this include the higher proportions of young women in part-time work and gender differences in the types of jobs." -- APOAvailability: No items available

Childcare and elderly care : what occupational opportunities for women? /

by Christopherson, Susan | Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

Publisher: Paris, France OECD 1997Description: 59 p. ; 30 cm.Other title: Labour market and social policy occasional papers ; no. 27.Notes: OCDE/GD(97)215 Bibliography: p. 42-44Summary: The demand for caring workers has increased dramatically in the past twenty-five years. Caring occupations are major employers of women across OECD countries and their working conditions, career opportunities, and earnings patterns have a significant impact on women's overall situation in the labour market. This report examines caring occupations in the childcare and the elderly care sectors and the opportunities they offer women as these occupations are changing with respect to demand and supply dynamics and in response to new methods of financing and providing social services. While recognising that the educational and health sectors are major providers of care for children and elderly people the report does not cover occupations dealing with young children and old people in these sectors but focuses on the social services where most of the expansion is occurring and which has been much less researched...SummaryAvailability: No items available

Dynamic labour market or work on the wane? : trends in the Australian labour force, 1966-1981 /

by Jamrozic, Adam | Hoey, Marilyn.

Publisher: Kensington, N.S.W. University of New South Wales, Social Welfare Research Centre 1982Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: December 1982Summary: This study presents the outcomes of the changes that have taken place in the Australian labour force between 1966 and 1981. The method used in the study was to produce a matrix of four main variables: men, women, occupations and industries; and then relating these four variables to eight other variables: hours of work, full-time/part-time work, employment status, earnings, age, education, unemployment and mobility. The findings indicate that in the examined period there was an effective shift of approximately 660 thousand persons from industries which had shrunk in relation to the overall growth of the labour force, to industries which had expanded above the rate of growth of the labour force. There was a corresponding shift in the occupational structure to the extent of 560 thousand persons. In 1981, the majority of the labour force in the expanding occupations and industries was made up of women, while nearly two-thirds of all male labour force was still employed in the shrinking occupations and industries. Expanding occupations and industries employed the majority of the labour force with post-secondary educational qualifications. Hours of work in these occupations and industries were lower and earnings were higher than in the shrinking occupations and industries. The findings suggest that, should the identified trends in the labour force continue in the same direction, high rates of unemployment are likely to continue and even increase, especially among men. Above all, the trends indicate a distinct probability of increasing social and economic inequalities that are likely to be experienced by individuals and even more by entire households and families. This is seen as perhaps the most important issue arising out of the changes in the labour market and one that the social welfare policy-makers and the society as a whole will have to face.Availability: (1)

Climbing the jobs ladder slower : young people in a weak labour market / Catherine de Fontenay, Bryn Lampe, Jessica Nugent & Patrick Jomini

by Australia. Productivity Commission | de Fontenay, Catherine | Lampe, Bryn | Nugent, Jessica et al.

Publisher: East Melbourne VIC, [Canberra, A.C.T.] : Productivity Commission, 2020Description: vi, 64 p. PDF.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF | Website Notes: "July 2020"Summary: The 2008 Global Financial Crisis (GFC) and the end of the mining boom ushered in a downturn in the Australian labour market. Even though past downturns were marked by high unemployment, the unemployment rate post-GFC recovered quickly and remained low until the COVID-19 crisis in 2020. Instead, the weak labour market post-2008 was reflected in slow wage rate growth and in job seekers finding part-time work or work in less attractive firms or occupations (PC 2020). These trends were particularly noticeable for young people. Workers aged 20-34 experienced nearly zero growth in real wage rates from 2008 to 2018, and workers aged 15-24 experienced a large decline in full-time work and an increase in part-time work (PC 2020). The Australian labour market proved to be flexible in absorbing workers from 2008 until the COVID-19 crisis (perhaps because the downturn was mild, prior to COVID-19). This suggests that the unemployment rate may no longer be useful as the primary measure of the health of the job market. Instead, more attention must be devoted to the types of jobs available. Using data from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) dataset, we show that young people found work in ‘lower-scored’ occupations after the GFC (using a score developed by the ANU that connects a person’s education with thei earning potential). Controlling for education, we found that occupational scores declined between 2001 and 2018. Likewise, the cohort that graduated between 2013 and 2015 obtained work in lower-scored occupations than earlier cohorts. This decline in average occupational score hides significant heterogeneity in outcomes. Some young workers found very high-scored occupations, while more were ‘unlucky’ — obtaining work in occupations whose score was well below what one would have predicted in earlier years. Was this temporary? Were some of these unlucky young workers able to work their way back to their desired occupation over the following years? We examine this question through the lens of Markov transitions, looking at transitions across the quartiles of the occupational score distribution. We examine transition rates for young Australians who graduated between 2001 and 2015. The likelihood of transitioning to better outcomes is low, and worsened slightly over this period, suggesting that poor initial outcomes can have long-term effects on one’s occupation. Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Mapping Good Work : The Quality of Working Life Across the Occupational Structure / Mark Williams ; Ying Zhou ; Min Zou

by Williams, Mark | Zhou, Ying | Zou, Min.

Publisher: Bristol : Bristol University Press, 2020Description: 164 p. PDF.Online Access: Website Notes: Description based upon print version of record.Summary: This illuminating study of working life uses decades of large-scale survey to review notions of good work and job satisfaction in the UK. Exploring data on hundreds of occupations, it charts disparities in fulfilment potential across professions, and sets out fresh ideas for improving satisfaction at work nationally.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Low-skill workers' access to quality green jobs /

by Martinson, Karin | The Urban Institute | Stanczyk, Alexandra | Eyster, Lauren.

Publisher: Washington, DC The Urban Institute 2010Description: PDF.Other title: The Urban Institute brief ; no. 13.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: May 2010 Bibliography : p. 6-8 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: "Green jobs" have garnered attention and support from many circles. This brief discusses strategies for improving access to green jobs for low-skill individuals, particularly jobs that can improve workers' economic standing and better support families. To understand where green jobs for low-skill individuals can be found, we review green industries and occupations and what they pay. Next we identify "good" green jobs that pay enough to support employees' families. Finally we discuss how training for green jobs can equip low-skill workers with needed skills, recommend how to improve these training efforts, and detail examples of innovative programs.Availability: (1)

Skill Shortages, Australia /

by Australia. Department of Education, Employment and Workplace elations. Labour Market Research and Analysis Branch.

Publisher: Barton, A.C.T. Commonwealth of Australia 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: June 2010 INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: The Skill Shortages, Australia report provides a basis for discussion aimed at greater engagement with key stakeholders to identify current and emerging labour market issues relating to skill development and the reasons employers experience difficulty recruiting the skills they need. This publication is based on research undertaken in the Department?s 2009-10 research program, which included contact with more than 9000 employers, and is current as at the end of June 2010. The research is based on a Survey of Employers who have Recently Advertised (SERA) and covers a range of skilled occupations, particularly in the trades and professions.Availability: (1)

Pre-apprenticeships and their impact on apprenticeship completion and satisfaction /

by Karmel, Tom | National Centre for Vocational Education Research | Oliver, Damian.

Publisher: Adelaide, S.A. National Centre for Vocational Education Research 2011Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Summary: In this report, the authors concentrate on apprentices in trade occupations, where pre-apprenticeship programs are most prevalent. Approximately 28 per cent of apprentices and trainees in the trade occupations reported that they had completed a pre-apprenticeship program. This allows the authors to examine a number of questions about the impact of pre-apprenticeship training on the apprenticeship experience. First, they look at whether those who undertook pre-apprenticeship training were more satisfied with their apprenticeship than their peers who had not. Second, they look at whether those who undertook a pre-apprenticeship are more likely to complete their training. Thirdly, they examine whether those who undertook a pre-apprenticeship but who did not complete their apprenticeship are less likely to give work- or training-based factors as their reason for not completing their training. Our motivation is to determine whether the pre-apprenticeship training gives potential apprentices a more realistic idea of what an apprenticeship really is. (Introduction)Availability: (1)

Job security & [and] the future of work : Australian workers’ views

by Sheppard, Jill | Australian National University. College of Arts and Social Sciences | Biddle, Nicholas | Gray, Matthew | Australian National University. Centre for Social Research and Methods.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T Australian Data Archive, The Australian National University 2018Description: 24 p. PDF.Other title: Job security and the future of work.Online Access: DOWNLOAD PDF Notes: July 2018 ANUpoll data collected October 2017Summary: There is a considerable amount of academic, policy and media discussion about the future of work. There is no doubt that the labour market is changing with new occupations being created, as others become more precarious. Occupations that rely on creativity or human-to-human interaction are being developed or expanding their share of the labour market. Those that are based on routine tasks, even complicated ones, are employing fewer and fewer workers….. The aim of this survey is to document the attitudes of a representative sample of the Australian population, and test how they vary by important demographic, geographic, and socioeconomic characteristics. We also asked about attitudes to related concepts like income inequality and key political issues of the day.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Getting it right : responding to what employers and apprentices have to say about apprenticeships. /

by Toner, Phil.

Publisher: Sydney, N.S.W. Dusseldorp Skills Forum 2005Description: PDF.Notes: URL: '' Checked: 6/10/2008 10:27:30 AM Status: Live Details: HTTP status 200 - Usual success responseAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Shifting gears : employment in the automotive components manufacturing industry. /

by Australia. House of Representatives. Standing Committee on.

Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Standing Committee on Employment, Workplace Relations and Workforce Participation 2006, c.1999Description: PDF.Notes: URL: '' Checked: 6/10/2008 10:39:09 AM Status: Live Details: HTTP status 200 - Usual success responseAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

Education and skill mismatches in the labour market : editors' introduction. /

by Mavromaras, Kostas | McGuinness, Seamus.

Publisher: 2007Notes: SCHOOL TO WORKAvailability: No items available

Overeducation in the United Kingdom. /

by Sloane, Peter J.

Publisher: 2007Notes: SCHOOL TO WORKAvailability: No items available

Overeducation and undereducation in Australia. /

by Miller, Paul W.

Publisher: 2007Notes: SCHOOL TO WORKAvailability: No items available

Overskilling in the Australian labour market. /

by Mavromaras, Kostas | McGuinness, Seamus | Wooden, Mark.

Publisher: 2007Notes: SCHOOL TO WORKAvailability: No items available

Labor's education and training strategy : building on false assumptions? /

by Birrell, Bob | Healy, Ernest | Smith, T.Fred.

Publisher: 2008Notes: SCHOOL TO WORKAvailability: No items available

The guide to environmental careers in Australia /

by Ribon-Tobon, Leornardo.

Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. Environmental jobs network 2005Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: The Guide provides essential assistance to those looking to get into, or to move within, environmental careers in Australia - for students, graduates, current employees and career advisors.Availability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

The guide to environmental careers in Australia 2010 /

by Day, Teresa | The Environmental Jobs Network | Skinner, Tracey.

Edition: 2nd ed.Publisher: Melbourne, Vic. RMIT University. School of Global Studies. 2010Description: PDF.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: INTO AND OUT OF WORKSummary: The Guide provides essential assistance to those looking to get into, or to move within, environmental careers in Australia - for students, graduates, current employees and career advisors.Availability: (1)

Average weekly earnings as a wage indicator . /

by Kryger, Tony.

Publisher: [Canberra, A.C.T.] Australia. Department of the Parliamentary Library 1996Description: 2 p.Online Access: Electronic copy Notes: INTO AND OUT OF WORKAvailability: Items available for loan: Brotherhood of St Laurence (1).

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