Governance models for location based initiatives /Publisher: Canberra, A.C.T. Australian Social Inclusion Board 2011Description: 66 p. : illISBN: 1921739347; 9781921739347Subject(s): Regional Economic Disparities | Marginality, Social | Low Income Groups Employment | Poor Services For | Community Development | Local Government | Locational Disadvantage | Disadvantaged Groups | Social Exclusion | Governance | Service Provision | Place Management | Australian Social Inclusion BoardDDC classification: 362.5 GOV Online Resources: Electronic copy
Bibliography : p. 63-66 INTO AND OUT OF WORK
Place-based approaches to addressing disadvantage are a key element of the Australian Government's Social Inclusion Agenda. One of its six social inclusion priorities is to 'focus on the locations of greatest disadvantage by tailoring place-based approaches in partnership with the community'. In addition, its Social Inclusion Principles include an emphasis on using locational approaches. Location-based approaches are widely used overseas and increasingly in Australia. However, based on a review of the relevant literature and program evaluations and discussions with practitioners, it appears that these initiatives tend to face common problems which limit their potential. This paper argues that these problems occur partly because the problem solving approach governments typically take is not well suited to addressing entrenched, multifaceted disadvantage found in these locations. While this standard approach may work well to address less complex problems, a community development focused approach may be more successful in addressing the most entrenched location-based disadvantage.