The paradox of declining female happiness /
Contributor(s): Wolfers, JustinPublisher: Bonn, Germany Institute for the Study of Labor 2009Description: PDFOther title: IZA Discussion paper ; no. 4200Subject(s): Women Attitudes | Women Economic Conditions | Women Education | Women Effect Of Technological Innovation | Women Employment | Happiness Social Aspects | Job Satisfaction | Sex Differences | Sex Discrimination | Feminism | Well Being | Women
By many objective measures the lives of women in the United States have improved over the past 35 years, yet we show that measures of subjective well-being indicate that women s happiness has declined both absolutely and relative to men. The paradox of women s declining relative well-being is found across various datasets, measures of subjective well-being, and is pervasive across demographic groups and industrialized countries. Relative declines in female happiness have eroded a gender gap in happiness in which women in the 1970s typically reported higher subjective well-being than did men. These declines have continued and a new gender gap is emerging - one with higher subjective well-being for men.