Brotherhood of St Laurence

Home and living options for people with disabilities : a systematic review and environmental scan of strategies to support transition from group homes and congregate care, and those which prevent movement to congregate settings / Mary-Ann O'Donovan, Eleni Demetriou, Erin Whittle et al. (Centre for Disability Studies) (University of Sydney)

By: O’Donovan, Mary-Ann | Centre for Disability Studies
Contributor(s): Demetriou, Eleni | Whittle, Erin et al | University of Sydney
Publisher: Sydney, N.SW. : Centre for Disability Studies ; The University of Sydney, 2021Description: 226 p. (Online Resource) : illSubject(s): Disabled | Disability | Disabled Housing | Disadvantaged GroupsOnline Resources: Review (Online Resource)
List(s) this item appears in: New Book List 2022
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The aim of this review was to understand the interventions and strategies that are being used to help people transition out of institutional care into more individualised home and living options. Oliver et al (2020) define individualised housing as “housing options that are life stage appropriate, where people with disability have choice regarding where and with whom they live, the support they receive and their day to day activities”. This is a useful definition to guide reference to individualised housing in this report but the reader should note that often papers did not clearly define what was meant by individualised or community in the specific context. The review also aimed to document the evidence for the strategies found to support this transition. A systematic review and environmental scan of evidence from 2000-2020 across 10 academic databases, 55 organisation websites and 49 grey literature documents was run in October 2020. The academic literature predominantly reported on the process of de-institutionalisation to community group living (n=48 of 105). Twenty papers from this literature specifically addressed individualised or independent supported living models. The grey literature provided evidence of individualised or independent supported living (n=16), and movement from congregated settings (n=22). The environmental scan described accommodation interventions and supports implemented in the disability sector, with 26 organisations providing specialist accommodation and 21 offering consulting and information services to support people with disabilities in the housing process. The comprehensive search that was conducted included five types of accommodation that people with disabilities transitioned into, which facilitated greater independence as alternatives to institutional or group home models. In this review, this included: 1. Community or supported; 2. Independent or semi-independent homes, including living alone, co-residency, relationships; 3. Home ownership (shared equity); 4. Home pooling; 5. Housing modifications/redesign/technology including assistive technology and wider living ecology adaptations. Though housing modifications are not a transition to other housing per se, support to redesign and adapt a home is an intervention which is typically employed to prevent transition to congregate setting and was therefore included as part of this review. Date 11th March 2021 Authors: Mary-Ann O’Donovan ; Eleni Demetriou ; Erin Whittle ; Zachariah Duke ; Tess Aitkens ; Adam Guastella This review was funded by the National Disability Insurance Agency. Bibliography : p. 134-144

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