Brotherhood of St Laurence

A broken social elevator? (Record no. 16310)

000 -LEADER
fixed length control field 02991cam a2200277 a 4500
001 - CONTROL NUMBER
control field 000063665239
003 - CONTROL NUMBER IDENTIFIER
control field AuCNLKIN
005 - DATE AND TIME OF LATEST TRANSACTION
control field 20181015164047.0
008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION
fixed length control field 180724s2018 fr a bs i000 0 eng d
020 ## - INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER
International Standard Book Number 9789264301085 (PDF)
020 ## - INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER
International Standard Book Number 9789264301078 (pbk.)
035 ## - SYSTEM CONTROL NUMBER
System control number (OCoLC)1047960585
040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE
Original cataloging agency VIFS
Transcribing agency VIFS
042 ## - AUTHENTICATION CODE
Authentication code anuc
082 ## - DEWEY DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION NUMBER
Classification number 305.5 OECD
110 ## - MAIN ENTRY--CORPORATE NAME
Corporate name or jurisdiction name as entry element Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
9 (RLIN) 22571
245 02 - TITLE STATEMENT
Title A broken social elevator?
Remainder of title how to promote social mobility /
Statement of responsibility, etc. OECD.
260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. (IMPRINT)
Place of publication, distribution, etc. Paris
Name of publisher, distributor, etc. OECD Publishing,
Date of publication, distribution, etc. 2018.
300 ## - PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION
Extent 351 p. : ill.
Other physical details PDF
504 ## - BIBLIOGRAPHY, ETC. NOTE
Bibliography, etc Includes bibliographical references.
505 0# - FORMATTED CONTENTS NOTE
Formatted contents note Executive summary -- 1. Overview -- 2. Income dynamics and income mobility over the life course -- 3. Time is money: what drives income mobility? -- 4. From one generation to the next: mobility of socio-economic status -- 5. How parental background affects chances early in life: the transmission of health and educational outcomes -- 6. Towards social mobility-friendly policies.
520 ## - SUMMARY, ETC.
Summary, etc. This report provides new evidence on social mobility in the context of increased inequalities of income and opportunities in OECD and selected emerging economies. It covers the aspects of both social mobility between parents and children and of personal income mobility over the life course, and their drivers. The report shows that social mobility from parents to offspring is low across the different dimensions of earnings, education, occupation and health, and that the same prevails for personal income mobility over the life course. There is in particular a lack of mobility at the bottom and at the top of the social ladder – with “sticky floors” preventing upward mobility for many and “sticky ceilings” associated with opportunity hoarding at the top. The lack of social mobility has economic, societal and political consequences. This report shows that there is space for policies to make societies more mobile and protect households from adverse income shocks. It discusses the options and measures that policy makers can consider how to improve social mobility across and within generations.
Expansion of summary note “All human beings are born equal. But on the following day, they no longer are,” said French author Jean Renard in 1907. This is because sticky floors and ceilings–or rags to rags and riches to riches–define the bottom and top income distributions. Today, it takes four to five generations, on average, for children from the poorest 10% of the population to reach median income levels. Meanwhile, about 50% of children of wealthy parents will themselves remain rich in countries like Germany and the US.<br/><br/>Worse, every four years, a fifth of the middle class’ poorest fall down to the bottom of the income distribution while its upper half enjoys much greater security, as shown in A Broken Social Elevator? How to Promote Social Mobility.<br/><br/>What’s more, in countries like Brazil and South Africa where income inequality is high, there is a state of “permanent inequality”, with an underlying feeling that social mobility is but a broken promise. Indeed, low upward mobility increases people’s sense that their voices do not matter and that the system is neither fair nor meritocratic.<br/><br/>Still, mobility is not all about money. It can range from jobs to education and health, and it changes when viewed through each of these lenses. These distortions create unique situations within each country: in places like Japan and Korea, educational mobility is higher than income mobility, but it’s the other way around in Norway and Spain. In the US, job mobility is higher than earnings mobility, while in Finland it’s the reverse, with lower educational mobility on top.<br/><br/>Yet there is nothing inevitable about socio-economic status being passed down between generations. Equal access to quality education is one way to enhance social mobility: countries that spend more on public education tend to achieve higher educational mobility. The same goes for health. Moreover, progressive taxation on wealth, inheritance and combatting tax avoidance leads to less sticky ceilings, while money transfers or benefits to low-income families and improving the school-to-work transition unsticks the floors. And as the report shows, policies that address the likes of residential segregation and sudden unemployment, or aim to improve the work-home balance can enhance social mobility across the board.<br/><br/>©OECD Observer No 314, Q2 2018
650 #0 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Social mobility
9 (RLIN) 22525
650 #0 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Income Mobility
9 (RLIN) 27625
650 #4 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Income Distribution
9 (RLIN) 52
650 #4 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Social Policy
9 (RLIN) 19
650 #4 - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM
Topical term or geographic name as entry element Equity
9 (RLIN) 472
942 ## - ADDED ENTRY ELEMENTS (KOHA)
Source of classification or shelving scheme
Koha item type Book
Classification part 305.5 OECD
Holdings
Withdrawn status Lost status Source of classification or shelving scheme Damaged status Not for loan Home library Current library Date acquired Source of acquisition Total Checkouts Total Renewals Full call number Barcode Date last seen Date checked out Price effective from Koha item type Public note
          Brotherhood of St Laurence Brotherhood of St Laurence 07/09/2018 Turpin distribution 1 5 305.5 OECD 303694 15/07/2019 20/09/2018 11/09/2018 Book BROTHERHOOD STAFF PLEASE SEE LIBRARY FOR ELECTRONIC COPY

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